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Ritual Purification
  Al-Iqna' of Ibn al-Mundhir : Section Dealing With Ritual Purity
Author: The Imaam, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin al
Article ID : IBD020001  [33824]  
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Abu Bakr (ibn al-Mundhir) said:

  • One. To wash excrement, urine, madhee, and blood is obligatory from that garment in which one intends to pray in, regardless of whether it is a small or large amount.
  • Two. It is recommended to scrape sperm off the garment, but this is not obligatory as it is considered pure.
  • Three. The garments of the Muslims and polytheists in which one wishes to pray in, belonging to both the young and old, are to be considered clean until one is certain that it has become soiled with an impurity.
  • Four. The sweat of the one who is in a state of major impurity and Christian [for example] is pure.
  • Five. If a person were to pray in an impure garment and find out after he has prayed then he does not have to repeat that prayer, however he should wash it for the ensuing prayers.
  • Six. If the earth [on which he wishes to pray on] contains urine or alcohol then he should pour water over the stained area in compliance to the order of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) wherein he ordered water to be poured over the urine of the Bedouin Arab. When this is done the area become clean.
  • Seven. It is permissible to pray upon any area of clean earth.
  • Eight. It is not permissible to pray upon any area of impure earth unless it is first purified, or the one intending to pray covers it by placing a prayer mat or the likes over it.
  • Nine. It is not permissible to pray in the resting-places of camels but it is permissible to pray in sheepfolds.
  • Ten. The urine of those animals whose meat is lawful to eat is pure. The urine of those animals whose meat is unlawful to eat is impure.


{32} Bukhaaree [Eng. Trans. 1/145 no. 227, 1/184 no. 304], Muslim [Eng. Trans.], Abu Daawood [Eng. Trans.], at-Tirmidhee [no. 138], an-Nasaa`ee [1/195], ad-Daarimee [no. 778], ibn Hibbaan [no. 1384], ibn Khuzaymah [no. 275] and al-Baghawee [no. 290]

CHAPTER THIRTEEN : Menstruating Women

14. Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhaab narrated to us; Muhammad bin Kanaasah informed us; Hishaam narrated to us; from his father; from Aa`ishah (RA) that she said:

"Faatimah bin Hubaysh came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) and said, 'I undergo menstrual bleeding [but it does not stop] such that I may become pure. Should I leave the prayer?' He said, 'the bleeding is from a blood vessel and is not the menses. So leave the prayer when the real menses begin and when it has finished take a bath and start praying.'" {33}

Abu Bakr (ibn al-Mundhir) said:

  • One. The least period of menstrual bleeding according to many of our companions [the Shaafi`ees] is one day and one night. The most is fifteen days and nights. {34}
  • Two. If a young lady sees her menstrual blood for the first time then she should refrain from prayer [and continue to refrain from it if the bleeding goes on] for fifteen days and nights.
  • Three. If the bleeding exceeds fifteen days and nights [then this is no longer considered to be menstruation] and she should bathe and pray. In this case she should make up those prayers that she missed after the first day and night. {35}
  • Four. The pregnant woman does not undergo menstruation.
  • Five. The menstruating women do not have to make up the prayers they missed while menstruating but they do have to make up the fasts. There is no difference concerning this. {36}
  • Six. Allaah says, "Keep away from women during menstruation." [Al-Baqarah (2): 222] Hence it is unlawful to have sexual intercourse with menstruating women.
  • Seven. If a man does have sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman then he must seek Allaah's forgiveness and there is nothing due upon his wealth by way of expiation. {37}
  • Eight. When the woman has become pure of the menses then her husband should not have sexual intercourse with her until she has bathed.
  • Nine. As for the woman who is undergoing abnormal bleeding then it is permissible for her husband to have sexual intercourse with her. This is because she has the ruling of being pure and enjoined to the prayer, fast, recitation of the Qur`aan and performing tawaaf for Hajj or other than Hajj.
  • Ten. The husband is allowed to kiss [etc.] his menstruating wife but he has to avoid the area of bleeding.
  • Eleven. The maximum period for post-natal bleeding according to our companions is two months. If she becomes pure in a day or less then she should bathe and pray.


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