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Ritual Purification
  Al-Iqna' of Ibn al-Mundhir : Section Dealing With Ritual Purity
Author: The Imaam, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin al
Article ID : IBD020001  [33824]  
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{18} Muslim [Eng. Trans.], Abu Daawood [Eng. Trans.], an-Nasaa`ee [1/13], ibn Maajah [no. 290], al-Bayhaqee [1/34], ibn Hibbaan [no. 1060], Ahmad [6/41, 42, 110, 182, 188, 192, 237], Abu Awaanah [1/192], al-Baghawee [no. 201] and ibn Abee Shaybah [1/168]
{19} Ibn Maajah [no. 288] reports that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said, "Use the siwaak for indeed it purifies the mouth and is pleasing to the Lord. Each time Jibreel has come to me he has enjoined me to employ the siwaak to the point that I feared that it would become obligatory upon my nation and me. If I did not fear that it would become difficult for my nation I would have obligated its use upon them and indeed I employ the siwaak to the point that I fear that my front teeth would be uprooted."
- {Trans}

CHAPTER SEVEN : Mention [of the Types] of Water

8. Alee bin al-Hasan narrated to us; Abdullaah bin al-Waleed narrated to us; from Sufyaan bin Sammaak; from `Ikrimah; from ibn Abbaas (RA) that:

One of the wives of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) had a bath after being in the state of major impurity. Then the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) came to have a bath from the water left over. She said, "I have bathed from it." He said, "nothing impurifies water." {20}

[Abu Bakr (ibn al-Mundhir said):]

  • One. All water is pure and permissible to employ for ritual ablution or ritual bath. This applies unless the water is mixed with an impurity that changes [one of its three qualities of] taste, colour or smell.
  • Two. The above applies equally to fresh water, seawater and a small or large quantity of water.
  • Three. It is not permissible to perform ritual ablution from any type of drinks [aside from water], food, milk, date juice, or water squeezed from plants. Neither is it permissible to perform ritual ablution from water that has food or drinks mixed with it to such an extent that it is no longer correct to apply the term water to it. For example: honey, milk or pickle.
  • Four. There is no set limit to the amount of water one may use save that which would suffice.
  • Five. Performing ritual ablution from the left over water of the one who had major impurity, the woman who was menstruating, or a Christian [for example] is permissible.
  • Six.
  • Seven. If a dog licks a vessel then it should be washed seven times, one of those times employing earth. {21}


{20} Al-Bayhaqee [1/188], al-Haakim [1/159] who authenticated it and adh-Dhahabee agreed. Ibn Khuzaymah [no. 109], Ahmad [1/235, 284, 308] and ibn Jaarood [no. 48, 49].
Abu Daawood [Eng. Trans. 1/17 no. 68], at-Tirmidhee [no.65], ibn Maajah [no. 370] and ibn Abee Shaybah [1/33] with the wording, "water is not defiled."
{21} Preferably one should employ earth the first time due to the hadeeth reported by Muslim [Eng. Trans. 1/167 no. 549] from Abu Hurayrah (RA) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said, "the purification of the utensil belonging to any of you, after it is licked by a dog lies in washing it seven times using earth for the first time." - 'Majmu`' [2/600].
- {Trans}

CHAPTER EIGHT : The Method of Performing Ritual Ablution

9. Ishaaq bin Ibraaheem nararted to us; Abdur-Razzaaq informed us; Mu`mar informed us; from Zuhree; from `Ataa bin Yazeed al-Laythee; from Humraan bin Abaan [the servant of Uthmaan (RA)] who said:

I saw Uthmaan bin `Affaan performing ritual ablution. He poured water over his hands, washing them three times. Then he rinsed his mouth and snuffed his nose [by putting water in it and then blowing it out]. Then he washed his right arm to his elbow three times and did the same for the left. Then he wiped his head, then he washed his right foot and did the same with his left. Then he said, "I saw the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) performing ritual ablution in the way that I have just done, then he (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said, 'whosoever performs ritual ablution as I have done, proceeding to pray two rak`ahs in which he thinks of nothing else save the prayer shall have his previous sins forgiven.'" {22}

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