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Ritual Purification
  Al-Iqna' of Ibn al-Mundhir : Section Dealing With Ritual Purity
Author: The Imaam, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin al
Article ID : IBD020001  [33824]  
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CHAPTER THREE : Mention of Vessels [Used for Ritual Ablution]

4. Abu Maysarah narrated to us; Abdul-A`laa and Wahb bin Baqiyyah narrated to us; Khaalid narrated to us; from Suhayl; from his father; from Abu Hurayrah (RA) that

"The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) ordered us to cover the vessels [used for storing ablution water] and to tighten the noose of water-skins." {7}

Abu Bakr (ibn al-Mundhir) said:

  • One. It is recommended (mustahabb) to cover the vessels at night that are used for performing ritual ablution.
  • Two. It is permissible to perform ritual ablution from any vessel with the exception of the gold and silver ones. We dislike that ritual ablution be performed from these, however [if it is done] the ablution is still valid.


{7} Ibn Maajah [no. 3411], ad-Daarimee [no. 2138], ibn Khuzaymah [no. 128] and Ahmad [2/367] with the wording, "the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) ordered us to cover the water employed for ritual ablution and to tighten the noose of water-skins."
The hadeeth has a witness in the hadeeth of Jaabir reported by Muslim [Eng. Trans.], ibn Maajah [no. 360, 3411], ibn Khuzaymah [no.'s 131-133], Ahmad [3/301, 355, 386, 388] and Maalik [Eng. Trans.]

CHAPTER FOUR : The Mannerisms of Performing Ritual Ablution

5. Abu Bakr narrated to us; Bikaar bin Qutaybah narrated to us; Safwaan bin `Eesaa narrated to us; Muhammad bin al-Ajlaan narrated to us; al-Qa`qaa` bin Hakeem informed us; from Abu Saalih; from Abu Hurayrah (RA) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said.

"Indeed I am like a father to you all. When one of you goes to the toilet then do not face the Qiblah or turn your back to it. When you then clean yourself, do not use your right hand." He used to command us to employ three stones [for cleaning] and forbid us from using dung or bones [for cleaning]. {8}

Abu Bakr (ibn al-Mundhir) said:

  • One. It is from the Sunnah for the one who desires to excrete to go far away from the people. {9}
  • Two. It is a Sunnah for him to conceal himself [from public view]. {10}
  • Three. He can urinate close-by to people.
  • Four. Upon entering the toilet he should say, "O Allaah! I take refuge with you from the male and female jinns." {11}
  • Five. He should not face the Qiblah or turn his back to it in the open desert. There is no harm if this is done in houses.
  • Six. He should not excrete in the roads or the places of gathering or in the courtyards of houses.
  • Seven. He should not touch his penis with his right hand unless his left hand is in pain and hence forcing him to touch it with his right.
  • Eight. It is permissible to urinate while standing or sitting.
  • Nine. Restraint from mentioning the Name of Allaah while excreting or urinating is good.
  • Ten. The one who is in this condition should not reply to the greeting (salaam).
  • Eleven. It is recommended that one removes a ring that has [engraved on it] the name of Allaah before entering the toilet.


{8} Abu Daawood [Eng. Trans. 1/2 no. 8], an-Nasaa`ee [1/38], ibn Maajah [no. 313], ad-Daarimee [no. 680], al-Bayhaqee [1/91, 1/102, 1/112], ibn Hibbaan in 'Mawaarid adh-Dham`aan' [no. 128], Abu Awaanah [1/200], al-Humaydee [no. 988], ash-Shaafi`ee in 'al-Umm' [1/22] and al-Baghawee [no. 173]
{9} Abu Daawood [Eng. Trans. 1/1 no. 2] reports from Mugheerah bin Shu`bah (RA) that "when the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) went to the toilet he went far away from the people."
{10} Abu Daawood [Eng. Trans. 1/8 no. 35] reports from Abu Hurayrah (RA) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said, "when one of you goes to the toilet then let him conceal himself. If he does not find any way to do this except by making a heap of sand [then let him do so] and sit with his back to it for the Shaytaan makes sport with the sitting places of the Children of Aadam. Whosoever does this has done well but whosoever does not then there is no harm incurred."
{11} At-Tirmidhee [no. 5]

CHAPTER FIVE : Mention of Cleaning the Private Parts (Istinjaa`)

6. Abu Bakr narrated to us; al-Hasan bin Alee narrated to us; ibn Numayr narrated to us; from al-A`mash; from Ibraaheem; from Abdur-Rahmaan bin Yazeed; from Salmaan who said

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