50 Abu Naajih Al-Irbaad bin Sariyyah said: "The
Messenger of Allah gave us a sermon by which our hearts were filled with fear
and tears came to our eyes. We said: "O Messenger of Allah, it is as though
this is a farewell sermon, so councel us." He said: "I councel you to
fear Allaah and to give absolute obedience even if a slave becomes your leader.
Verily he among you who lives [long] will see great controversy, so you must
keep to my Sunnah and to the Sunnah of the Rightly-Guided Khaleefahs. Bite onto
it with your molar teeth. Beware of newly invented matters, for every invented
matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going astray, and every going
astray is in Hell-fire." Reported by Abu Dawood and At-Tirmidhee, who said
that it was hasan saheeh
51 Sharh us-Sunnah (1/224)
52 The Shaikh of the Mu'tazilah, al-Qaadee
Abdul-Jabbaar, said: "When there are verses in the Qur'aan whose apparent
meaning necessitates tashbeeh (resemblance to the creation) it is obligatory to
interpret them (ta'weel) because words can carry [many] meanings whereas the
proof [derived] by the intellect is far from carrying other possible
[meanings]." Al-Muheet bit-Takhleef (p.200)
53 Ahl us-Sunnah of Abu Haatim ar-Raazee (p.21-22) and
Sharh Usool ul-I'tiqaad (no.92).
54 Aqeedatus-Salaf wa Ashaabul Hadeeth (p.101)
55 Sharh Usool ul-I'tiqaad (no.306).
56 Siyar A'laam un-Nubulaa (10/505)
57 Sunan at-Tirmidhee (3/24).
58 Fath al-Baaree (13/436).
59 Al-Ghuniyah an Kalaam wa Ahlihi - as quoted in
Mukhtasir al-Uluww (no.137).
60 Al-Ghuniyat ut-Taalibeen (1/50) of Abdul Qaadir
61 Imaam ad-Daraqutnee (d. 385H) said: "Muhammad
bin Mukhlad narrated to us: Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Umar bin al-Hakam, Abu
Hasan ibn al-Attaar said: I heard Muhammad bin Mis'ab, the Worshipper saying:
"Whoever claims that You do not speak and that You will not be seen in the
Hereafter is a disbeliever in Your Face and he does not know You. I testify that
You are above the Throne, above the seven heavens - not as Your enemies, the
heretical apostates (Zanaadiqah) say." Kitaab us-Sifaat of ad-Daraqutnee
(no. 64) with the verification of Alee bin Muhammad bin Naasir al-Faqeehee.
62 Refer to the saying of Ibn Hajr above.
63 Nu'aym bin Hammaad (d. 228H), the teacher of
al-Bukhaaree said: "Indeed, all that Allaah has described Himself with, or
what His Messenger has described Him with, then there is no tashbeeh in it at
all." Reported by Imaam adh-Dhahabee in al-Uluww (no.217)
64 Ibn Abdul Barr (d. 463H) said: "Ahl us-Sunnah
are agreed in affirming all the Sifaat (Attributes) which are related in the
Qur'aan and the Sunnah, having eemaan (faith) in them and understanding them
alal-haqeeqah (in a real sense), not alal-majaaz (metaphorically)."
At-Tamheed of Ibn Abdul-Barr (7/145).
Qaadee Abu Ya'laa (d. 458H) said: "It is not
permissible to repel these narrations - as is the way of the group from the
Mu'tazilah. Nor to become preoccupied with ta'weel - as is the way of the
Ash'ariyyah. It is obligatory to carry them upon their dhaahir (apparent)
meaning; and that the Attributes of Allaah do not resemble any one of His
creation, nor do we have an aqeedah (belief) that there is any tashbeeh
(resemblance) to them. Rather [we believe] in what has been reported from our
Shaikh and our Imaam, Abu Abdullaah, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal, and others
from the Scholars of Ashaabul-Hadeeth." Ibtaal ut-Ta'weelaat (p.4)
Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee (d. 463H) said: "As for
speech about the Attributes of Allaah, that which is authentically related about
them in the Sunnah, then the way of the Salaf - may Allaah be pleased with them
all - was to affirm them as they are, alaa dhaahir (upon their apparent
meaning); negating any tashbeeh (resemblance) to Allaah and not asking how they
are. We do not say that al-Yad (the Hand of Allaah) means His Power nor that
as-Sama' (Allaah's Hearing) and al-Basr (Allaah's Seeing) means His Knowledge,
nor do we say that He has jawaarih (limbs)". Al-Kalaam alas-Sifaat of
al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee (p.19-20).