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Deviated Sects SINGLE PAGE

The Ash`arees
  A Reply to a Jahmee : Keller Unveiled
Source: Prepared by Abu 'Iyad as-Salafi & Dawud Burbank
Article ID : AQD060009  [62640]  
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Fourthly: It is clear in his vilification of Ibn al-Qayyim - and in his use of the knowledge of logical fallacies and while being grossly ignorant of the language of the Arabs - that the Jahmee's way is but the way of Ahl ul-Kalaam (the People of Theological Rhetoric and Innovated Speech) and had ash-Shaafi'ee - may Allaah have mercy upon him - been present he would have enforced his ruling upon this Jahmee: "My ruling regarding the people of theological rethoric is that they should be beaten with palm leaves and shoes and be paraded amongst the kinsfolk and the tribes with it being announced: This is the reward of the one who abandons the Book and the Sunnah and turns to theological rhetoric (kalaam)." Sharh Aqeedat it-Tahaawiyyah of Ibn Abi al-Izz (p.75).

18 Al-Fath (13/373)

19 Abu Daawood (3/1324) and it is saheeh

20 It has already preceded that the way of Ahl us-Sunnah in the issue of the Attributes of Allaah is to affirm whatever has been narrated from the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) in describing Allaah the Exalted from the Authentic Narrations - those reported by trustworthy and reliable narrators. And they affirm whatever comes through these narrations without ta'teel (denying the meaning), tahreef (distorting the meanings), tasbheeh (likening to the creation) and takyeef (asking 'how').

As for the repellers and rejectors of the narrations - as has been explained before - this occurs from them since they cannot understand Allaah's Attributes except in the manner that befits the creation. So likening to the creation is what their hearts fall into upon hearing the likes of these narrations mentioning the Attributes of Allaah - the Most High . The tashbeeh began and occurred in their hearts and the Ahl us-Sunnah are free from it. But then they, due to a further sickness in their hearts then accuse the Ahl us-Sunnah of being anthropomorphists simply because they affirm for Allaah what Allaah and His Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) affirmed for Him, without ta'teel, ta'weel, takyeef or tashbeeh?!

21 Abu Haneefah (d. 150H) said in Fiqh al-Akbar: "It is not to be said that His Hand [means] His Power, since in that is a nullification of the Attribute."

Yoosuf Muhammad Siddique said in Daqaa'iqul-Aqeedah inda A'immatul-Arba'ah (p.11-12): "And the ta'weel of the one who says: 'What is intended by 'al-Yad' is power' is not correct since it is not correct for the saying of Allaah: "... to one whom I have created with My Two Hands..." to mean: 'with My Power...' when Hand has been mentioned in the dual. And if that had been correct then Iblees would have said: "And me too, did You create with Your Power, so he (Aadam) has no superiority over me in that." However, Iblees, along with his disbelief, is more knowledgeable of his Lord than the Jahmiyyah."

22 Reported by Bukhaaree, in Kitaabut-Tawheed (13/403)

23 Reported by Bukhaaree, in Kitaabut-Tawheed (13/404)

24 Refer to Lisaan ul-Arab of Ibn Manzoor and al-Qaamoos al-Muheet of al-Fayrawzaabaadee under alif yaa daa.

25 A Disastrous and Calamitous Lightning Bolt upon the Aforementioned Jahmee:-

Abu Hasan al-Ash'aree (d. 324H) - to whom this Jahmee ascribes himself - said: "If it is said: Why do you deny that His saying:

Do they not see that We have created for them what Our Own Hands have created." [Soorah Yaa Seen 36:71]

And His saying:

Whom I have created with My Own (Two) Hands [Soorah Sa'd 38:75]

are majaaz (metaphorical)? To him it is said: The ruling concerning the speech of Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic - is that it is taken upon its dhaahir (apparent) and haqeeqah (real) meaning. Nothing is removed from its dhaahir (apparent) meaning to majaaz (metaphorical) one, except with a proof ... Likewise, the saying of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic:

Whom I have created with My Own (Two) Hands [Soorah Sa'd 38:75]

Its dhaahir and haqeeqah meaning is affirming Yadain (two Hands of Allaah). So it is not permissible to alter it from the dhaahir meaning of Yadain to that which our opponents claim, except with a proof ... Consequently, about His saying:

Whom I have created with My Own (Two) Hands [Soorah Sa'd 38:75]

It is obligatory to affirm two Hands for Allaah - the Most High - in its haqeeqah (real) meaning, not with the meaning of ni'matayn (two bounties of Allaah)." Al-Ibaanah an Usool id-Diyaanah (p.133). Therefore, free and innocent is Abu Hasan al-Ash'aree from the Jahmee as was Ibraaheem (alaihis-salaam) from his father and the pagans. Refer also to Chapters 4 and 10 of 'Foundations of the Sunnah' for evidence that soothes the heart and cures ignorance.

26 Reported by Bukhaaree, in Kitaabut-Tawheed (13/421)


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