14 The aforementioned Jahmee said: "...Now this is
precisely ta'weel - or interpretation in other than the verses ostensive sense.
At-Tabaree ascribes this interpretation through his chain of transmission to the
Companion -the Sahaabee - Ibn Abbaas (ra) as well as to Mujaahid..."
15 This Jahmee has also falsely ascribed the madhhab of
Tafweedh to the Salaf with his saying: "The real aqeedah of Imaam Ahmad was
very simple and consisted mainly of Tafweedh, that is to consign to Allaah, the
meaning of the mutashaabihaat - or unapparent meanings of the Qur'aan and
Hadeeth" and this is a clear lie against Imaam Ahmad specifically and the
Salaf generally. Refer to Chapter 4 of 'Foundations of the Sunnah' of Imaam
Ahmad, which has dealt with this issue.
What is even more strange is that in the same breath he,
- the aforementioned Jahmee - quotes the saying of Sufyaan bin Uyainah (d. 198H)
who said: "The interpretation - tafseer - of everything that Allaah has
described Himself in His Book is to recite it and remain silent about it."
So why is it that the Jahmee and his likes do not remain
silent, but resort to ta'weel (figurative interpolation) - something that is not
authenically related from any of the Salaf - and then attribute this unashamedly
and unjustifiably to the Salaf?!
As for the Jahmee's innovation that the aayaat
mentioning the Sifaat (Attributes of Allaah) are among the mutashaabihaat
(ambiguous, unclear verses, whose meaning is known only to Allaah) - then
sufficient for him are the following narrations from the Salaf:
Rabee'at ur-Ra'ee (d. 136H) said: "Al-Istiwaa
(Allaah Ascending) is not unknown, and how (it occurs) is not comprehendable,
and from Allaah is the Message, upon the Messenger is to convey, and upon is to
affirm." Reported by al-Bayhaqee in al-Asmaa was-Sifaat (no.516) and
al-Laalikaa'ee in Usool ul-I'tiqaad (no.665).
Imaam Maalik (d. 179H) said: "Al-Istiwaa is known,
and how is unknown, to have eemaan in it is obligatory and to question it is an
innovation." Reported by al-Bayhaqee in al-Asmaa was-Sifaat (p.516) with
the wording: "Al-Istiwaa is not unknown and how is unknown, to have eemaan
in it is obligatory and to question it is an innovation." Ad-Daarimee also
reported it in ar-Radd alal-Jahmiyyah (p.55).
Ibn Jareer at-Tabaree (d. 310H) said concerning the
saying of Allaah, the Most High:
The Most Merciful made Istiwaa over the Throne [Soorah
Taa Haa 20:5]
meaning: "It means alaa and irtafa'a' (rising above
and ascending)." Jaami' ul-Bayaan an-Ta'weel il-Qur'aan (16/137). And Imaam
Bukhaaree - may Allaah have mercy upon him - said in his Saheeh: "Mujaahid
said: "..istawaa alal-Arsh [meaning] alaa (i.e. ascended)', Ishaaq bin
Raahawaiyah said: 'I heard more than one of the Mufassireen saying: 'ar-Rahmaan
alal-Arsh istawaa [meaning] irtafa'a (i.e. ascended)'. And this is the manifest
meaning of Istiwaa in the language.
Therefore, the meaning is known and it is not from the
mutashaabihaat as the Jahmee has claimed. And this is the same with all the
Attributes, their meanings in the language are known, but how they are is not
known. This is why the Salaf say: 'Without ta'teel (denying the meaning of the
Attribute), tahreef (distorting the meaning of the attribute) takyeef (asking
how the attribute is) and without tashbeeh (likening it to the creation)' -
regarding Allaah's Attributes. Refer also to Chapters 3 and 4 of 'Foundations of
the Sunnah' for further evidence.
Ibn al-Qayyim says: "And this is why Maalik and
Rabee'ah said: "Al-Istiwaa is known and how is unknown", and likewise
Ibn al-Maajishoon and Imaam Ahmad and others amongst the Salaf have said:
"We do not know the kaifiyyah (the how) of what Allaah has informed about
Himself, even if we know its explanation (tafseerihi) and its meaning
(ma'naahu)." Mukhtasar us-Sawaa'iqil-Mursalah (1/165)
So the Salaf affirm the meaning - in accordance with the
apparent meaning from the language - with the intent of Allaah, as ash-Shaafi'ee
said: "I believe in what has come from Allaah as it was intended by Allaah
and I believe in what has come from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alaihi
wasallam) as it was intended by the Messenger of Allaah", which the Jahmee
also quoted in his speech - but falsely deducing from it that the madhhab of
Shaafi'ee with respect to the Attributes is tafweedh - free is Imaam
ash-Shaafi'ee from the Jahmee as the lion was from the blood of Yoosuf