Breaking the fast before
the Maghrib Salaat
It is reported that
"The Messenger of Allah (T) used to break his fast before the Maghrib
Salaat." [Ahmad and Abu Dawood]
Abu Dardaa said: "There are three signs of
prophethood, hastening the breaking of the fast, delaying the Sahoor and placing
the right hand on the Ieft hand in the Salaat." [Tabaraanee]
What is recommended to eat
to break the fast?
The Messenger (S) of Allah
(T) used to incite the breaking of the fast with dates and if he did not find
any, he would then break it with water.
Anas Ibn Maalik said: "The prophet (S) used to
break his fast with fresh dates before he prayed. If he did not find fresh dates
then he would use dried dates. If he did not find that also he drank a few sips
of water. [Ahmad and Abu Dawood]
What should be said at the
time of breaking the fast?
The fasting person
should know that Allah (T) listens to his supplication and answers it.
Abu Huraira said the Messenger (S) of Allah (T) said:
"The supplications of three groups of people's are not rejected; the du'aa
(Supplication) of the fasting person when he is breaking his fast, the du'aa of
the just Imam and the du'aa of the oppressed." [Tirmidhee, Ibn Majah and
So the fasting person should make use of the time when
he is breaking his fast to ask Allah (T) for all those things that would make
his life easy in this world and the next. However, although any Du'aa can be
made at that time the Messenger (S) also used to make a specific one which we
should make sure we supplicate with, along with whatever other supplication we
The Messenger of Allah (S) when he broke his fast. used
to say: "The thirst has gone and the veins have recovered and the blessing
is established if Allah wills" (dhahaba dhamaa'a wabtallat al-urooq wa
thabatal ajr inshaa'allaah) [Ahmad, Al-Baihaaqee]
Feeding a fasting
It is imperative for the believer to
always try to do righteous deeds. From among these rightous deeds is the feeding
of the fasting person because of the numerous rewards for this act.
The Prophet (S) said: "Whoever gives someone
something to break the fast with, he would hove The same blessings as the
fasting person and this would not reduce the blessings of the fasting person in
any way " [Ahmad and Tirmidhee]
If someone is invited to break his fast then he should
respond to the invitation. If he refuses then he has disobeyed the Messenger
It is also recommended for the person invited to
supplicate for his host after finishing eating his food as was the practice of
the Messenger (S).
The Messenger (S) used to make the following
"May the righteous eat your food may the angels
send salaat unto you and may the fasting person break their fast with you."
"O Allah! Feed the one who fed me and give drink to
him who gave me to drink" [Muslim]
"O Allah! Forgive them and have Mercy on them and
bless whatever you provide for then" [Muslim]
7. PERMISSIBLE THINGS FOR THE FASTING PERSON
There is no doubt for any servant who understands the
Quraan and Sunnah that Allah (T) only wants ease for His servants. So He (T)
made certain things allowed for those who fast.
The fast is valid for any
person who wakes up in a state of sexual defilement
Aa'isha and Umm Salamah relate: "That the Fajr used to come upon the
Messenger (S) while he was in a state of sexual defilement from intercourse
(from the previous night). He would then take a bath and (continue) fasting.
Cleaning the mouth with the
The Messenger (S) said: "If I did
not fear that I would make it hard on my Ummah, I would have commanded them to
use the miswaak (to brush their teeth) for every wudoo." [Muslim]
In this hadeeth the Messenger (S) did not differentiate
between the fasting person and those who are not fasting, therefore the ruling
is general and applies to the fasting person as well. It is also putting no
limits upon the time when this can be done, either before or after Zawal
Note: It is preferable not to use toothpaste because of
its strong taste.
Washing the mouth and
The Messenger (S) used to wash his mouth
and nose while he was fasting, however he forbade exaggeration in either of
these two actions for the fasting person. He (S) said: "...and exaggerate
in washing the nose except if you are fasting..." [Abu Daawood and
Kissing and foreplay with
one's wife (for the one who can control is desire)
Aa'ishah (R) said: "The Messenger (S) used to kiss (his wife) while
he was fasting, and he used to involve in foreplay while fasting, but he was the
most able of you to hold back his desires. [Bukharee and Muslim]