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The Manners and Etiquette of Da`wah
  Inviting Towards Allaah and the Qualities the Caller
Author: Shaikh Abdul-Aziz Bin Baz
Article ID : DAW010002  [34571]  
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This hadeeth speaks for itself on the excellence of inviting people to the way of Allaah, and expresses the hidden virtues that lies in it. In short, the preachers are abundantly rewarded though they may be in millions, like those who actually practiced upon it. So, '0 the preachers to the great good, be congratulated for the great reward that lies ahead for you. Here it also clarifies that the Holy Prophet () will receive all the rewards which his followers will get. So what immense blessing that will be received by our Prophet () because he () conveyed the message of Allaah to them and guided them to goodness.

So all the Prophets (A.S.) will be rewarded like their followers. And '0' the callers towards Islaam: You will also be rewarded at all times like your followers and those who accept your call, take it as a great bounty and hasten your steps towards it.

MODES AND METHODS OF PREACHING

As regards ways and modes of presentation of Da’wah i.e. calling to the Way of Allaah, He has already stated in His sacred Book and has been elucidated by our Prophet Muhammad ().

“Call unto the way of thy Lord with wisdom and fair exhortation and reason with them in the betterways.” (16 : 125)

Allaah, the Supreme, has explicitly described the qualities which should be found in preachers who call the people to the path of Allaah and had shown the way that should be treaded upon.

(1) The first quality is wisdom which means that such reasons should be given that may reveal the truth in a clear way, and the falsehood should be expressed markedly. People should be refrained from acting in a false manner. Therefore, some commentators have stated that Qur’aan is all wisdom (hikmah) because truth has been mentioned in all its pristine purity and perfection. Others have stated that the meaning of wisdom is to present truth in the light of the Quranic arguments. In fact, hikmah or wisdom has a very wide and comprehensive meaning - calling the people to the way of Allaah with knowledge, insight convincing reasoning and sorting out the truth. It is also applicable to other interpretations like prophethood, knowledge and insight in religious knowledge. Virtue, reason and other things as well have been included in it. Imaam ash-Shawkanee (r.a.),says that wisdom is that quality that prevents a person from committing folly. It means anything that keeps you away from foolishness, ignorance, irrelevance and falsehood. Similarly all that is quite clear is hikmah, for example it is applicable to the verses of the Qur’aan the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah, sayings and practices of the Messenger of Allaah () The Qur’aan says:

“Even as we have sent unto you a messenger from among you, who recites unto you our revelations and causes you to grow and teaches you the scipture and the wisdom.” (2 : 151)

And at another place it is stated in the Qur’aan.

“He gives wisdom unto whom He will, and he unto whom wisdom is given, he truly has received abundant good.” (2 : 269)

So clear reasoning means hikmah, a well established truth. The stirrup in the mouth of a horse is also called himkah that keeps it under control. Hikmah cannot be mixed with falsehood, because it means to call the people to truth. If a person, who is invited to the truth proves to be or raises some doubts and objections, you should argue with him with sagacity and good manners. Such Quranic verses and hadeeth of the Prophet () should be quoted which are appealing and persuasive.

One should not be strict and harsh to him but should be partient. Neither haste nor aggressiveness should be shown but his doubt should be allayed in a convincing and amicable manner. 0 preachers of the message of Allaah, you should adopt such manners with patience and steadfastness, and should not be hard upon such people. This sort of conduct will induce them to accept the truth and the addressees will have a good impression. Remember that the patience always pays and proves beneficial in such a situation. When Almighty Allaah sent Prophets the arguments Moses and Aron () to Pharaoh, they were ordered:

“And speak unto him a gentle word that per chance he may hear or fear.” (20 : 44)


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