Mu'awiyah as-Sahmi reported: "I had some sheep which
I kept between Uhud and Juwaniyyah with a slave-girl to look after them. One
day, I went out to check on my sheep and discovered that a wolf had devoured one
of them. Since I am just a human, (I became angry) and struck the girl. Later
on, I came to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) and reported to
him the incident. He terrified me with the gravity of my action. I said, 'Messenger of Allah'! Shall I free her (as an expiation of my sin.) He said 'Call her over'. When I did, he asked her, 'Where is Allah?' She said, 'Above the heavens'. Then he asked her, 'Who am I?' She said, 'The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) '. Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) ordered me, 'Free her. She is a believer'."
The above hadith, according to Shaikh Kahlil al-Harras, is a luminous proof of the Loftiness of Allah, the Exalted. Here is a man who wronged his female slave by striking her, and wanted to expiate his sin by giving her freedom in return. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) chose one particular question, 'Where is Allah?' Then the slave girl gave him the correct answer, 'Above the heaven'. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) declared her to be a believer.
Does not the above the hadith stand as a solid proof that Allah is above the heaven? Doubtlessly, that slave girl, the shepherdess, knew her Rubb more than those ignorantly claim that Allah is everywhere!
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said: "Our Rubb, the Blessed, the Exalted, descends to the lowest heaven every night, during the last third of the night, and says: 'Anyone calls Me, I will respond to him? Is there anyone asking for anything? I will give it to him? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, I will forgive him?'"
The words of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) : 'Our Rubb, the Blessed, the Exalted, descends to the lowest heaven', clearly indicate the essential Highness or Loftiness of Allah, the Exalted. Were Allah to exist everywhere, there would be no need for the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) who knew Allah best, to say, 'Allah descends', nor would there be a reason to distinguish one portion of the night from another. There is only one answer to this: Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, is above the seven heavens, and above the great 'Arsh.
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said:
"Allah will descend to His slaves on the Day of Resurrection."
It is the Day when Allah will come down to pass His judgment.
In another tradition, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said: "Allah will gather the first and the last of His slaves for an appointed certain Day, when they will remain for forty years with their eyes uplifted towards heaven waiting for the decisive judgment. Allah will then descend in coverings of clouds from His 'Arsh to the Kursi."
The Standpoint of the Companions (May Allah be pleased with them)
Zainab, the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) ,
used to claim excellence over the rest of his wives by telling them, 'It is only your parents who gave you in marriage to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) , while it is Allah Who gave me in marriage to him from above the seven heavens.'
In another narration, she said to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) , 'It is the Rahmaan, the Merciful, Who married me to you from above His 'Arsh.'
Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said to
Aa'ishah, the wife of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) when she was on her death
bed: "Of all his wives you were the most beloved to the Messenger of Allah
(sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) , and he used to live only the
pure. Allah, the Exalted sent down your exoneration from above the seven heavens which was brought down by Jibreel. There is not a single masjid of the masajid of Allah but the verses of your exoneration are recited in it day and night."
Aa'ishah, the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) in this world and in the world to come, Mother of the Believers, whom the pervasive-minded sect tried to dishonor, but Allah, the Exalted, exonerated her honor and condemned those who spread the lies against her.
In his speech subsequent to the death of the Prophet
(sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) , Abu Bakr as-Saddiq said: "He who was worshipping Muhammed (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) ,
(let him know that) Muhammed is dead, and he who was worshipping Allah, (let him know that) Allah is above the heaven Ever-Living, never dies'."
Ibn Umar passed by a shepherd and asked him, 'Do you have
a sheep fit for slaughter? 'Its owner is around', the shepherd answered. 'Tell
him that the wolf devoured it'. Ibn Umar said to him. Thereupon, the shepherd
uplifted his head towards the heaven and said, 'Then where is Allah?' Ibn Umar
responded, 'By Allah. It is I who should have said, 'Where is Allah.' He later
on bought off the
sheep and the shepherd and freed the latter and gave him the sheep.
Abdurrahman al-Mahdi  said: "There is no one
more evil among the people of whims than the followers of Jahm. All their
deviant beliefs revolve around one theme; 'There is no one above the heaven.' I
believe, by Allah, that they should not be married from, nor to inherit Muslims nor to be inherited by Muslims."