Another dubious argument is presented by those who deny the fact that Allah, the Exalted, is above His 'Arsh, by alleging that the following verse supports their argument. "Do you not see that Allah knows all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth? There is no secret counsel of three, but He is their fourth, nor of five, but He is their sixth, nor of fewer than that, nor of more, but He is with them wherever they may be. Then on the Day of Resurrection He will inform them of what they did. Surely, Allah knows all things full well."
The above verse, they contend, signifies that Allah is essentially everywhere. This argument is refuted by the prominent exegete, Ibn Kathir who says: "This means that Allah is well acquainted with their utterances, and private talks and thoughts."
Al-Qurtubi commented on this verse saying: "He knows and hears their private counsel. This is evidenced by the fact that the opening and concluding clauses of this verse confirm the knowledge of Allah."
Al-Qasimi says: "The scholars among the Prophet's companions, who transmitted the meaning of the Qur'an to their successors, held this verse to mean that Allah is above His 'Arsh, but His knowledge is everywhere."
The linguistic analysis of this verse proves the following points:
- The opening words of the above verse speak of Allah's knowledge, not His
- Private counsel, or secret talk, is the theme of this verse. Allah says,
'There is no secret counsel of three, but He is their fourth'. He does not
say, 'There are not three, but He is their fourth'. Thus the meaning becomes
quite clear that it is the knowledge of Allah what encompasses all His
- Allah confirms that He will inform them of their secret talk on the Day
- The verse ends, therefore, confirming Allah's knowledge.
- Allah begins the surah of al-Mujadilah (Chapter 58), of which the verse
in question is part, with the following verse: "Allah has indeed heard
the speech of the woman who pleads with you concerning her husband and
complains to Allah. And Allah has heard your dialogue. Verily, Allah is
All-Hearing and All-Seeing.
- Allah, the Exalted, states that He has heard the woman who was complaining to the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) , and has certainly heard her arguing with her husband, but He did not state in the verse that He was their third.
- In the subsequent verse, Allah emphasizes that He is well acquainted
with the deeds of His slaves.
If one were to believe that Allah is essentially everywhere, it would follow then that He also dwells in filthy places. Only an insane person would dare to impute to Allah such an attribute. Far removed is Allah of what they ascribe to Him.
It would also follow that Allah is mingling with His creatures in the heavens and on the earth. Such belief has paved the way for panatheism, and promoted the myth of god incarnate. Allah is far removed from what they ascribe to Him. It should be clear in the minds of the true believers that there is nothing to surround Allah, the Exalted, nor is there a place to contain Him. Things and places are creatures, and Allah is above all His creatures. All creatures need Him, while He is separated from His creatures, and stands in need of none of them.
The Heaven is the Qiblah of the Du'a