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The Foundations of Ibadah
  The Obligation of Ibadah Upon the Creation
Author: Abu Iyad as-Salafi
Source: The Book of Worship
Article ID : IBD010001  [19340]  
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Ibn Al-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) says: "So it is not befitting for Him (Allaah) to leave His servants without a purpose, neglected; without teaching them what will benefit or harm them in their daily lives and in the Hereafter. This would be an injustice to His Ruboobiyyah[35] and ascribing to the Exalted Lord that which does not befit Him".[36]

He also says: "Whoever gives the name Ar-Rahmaan its due right knows that it necessitates the sending of messengers and revealing of books greater than it necessitates sending of the rain, causing the herbage to grow and bringing out the seed (from the ground). (Mankind's) need/dependance upon Allaah's Mercy for that from which life is obtained by the hearts is greater than (mankinds) need/dependance upon Allaah's Mercy for that by which the bodies obtain life".[37]

Allaah has made the Angels, the Books and the Messengers the means by which He informs and reminds His servants of their origins, their purpose and their inevitable end; by which He teaches them that which will benefit them and harm them in both the worlds. Also, to give glad tidings of Paradise to the obedient and grateful and to warn with Hellfire the disobedient and ungrateful.

{He sends down the angels with the Spirit of His command upon whomsoever He wills from amongst His servants, commanding them thus: 'Warn that there is nothing deserving of worship except Me alone therefore fear Me'}[38]

{And We have sent to every nation a Messenger with this command: That you should make your Ibaadah for Allaah alone and avoid (the worship of false gods)}[39]

{And We do not send the Messengers except as givers of glad tidings (of Paradise to the Believers) and warners (of Hellfire to the Disbelievers and Transgressors)}[40]

By them, He made clear to His servants the path of guidance and safety and asked them to follow it and also made clear to them the paths of misguidance and destruction and warned from following them.

{He (Allaah) said: 'Get you all down from here! And if there comes to you guidance from Me, whosoever follows My guidance then He will not go astray and neither will he be wretched. And whosoever turns away from My Remembrance then He will have a narrow, constricted life and We shall raise him on the day of Judgement blind. He will say 'O My Lord! Why have you raised me blind while I had sight before?' He (Allaah) will say: 'Thus My signs came to you yet you forgot them so likewise, on this day will you be forgotten'.} [41]

Abdullaah ibn Mas'ood said: "Allaah's Messenger drew a line for us, then he said, "This is Allaah's way". The he drew lines to its right and left and said "These are the other different ways. Upon each of these ways is a devil calling to it." Then he recited:

{And this is My Straight Path , therefore follow it and do not follow other paths so that they separate you from His path.}[42]"[43]

The Messenger (sallallaahu-alaihi-wasallam) also explained: "I have left you upon clear and evident proof. Its night is like its day, no one deviates from it after me except that he is destroyed"[44]

So Allaah is not one who is unjust and has neglected His creation. Rather, He sent them messengers and books and explained to them in detail the way of life He has ordained for them. As a result, this places the burden of responding to this message upon the whole of mankind. Furthermore, there is no excuse for them for deviating from the Straight Path which Allaah has explained in detail through His Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) after having been guided to it.


Allaah has made the heart the master of the body. He also made it the object of knowledge, admonition, guidance and healing.

{O Mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord and a healing for that which is in your breasts - a guidance and a mercy to the Believers}[45]

{And whoever believes in Allaah, He guides his heart}[46]

Just as the heart was created to know Allaah and adore him, the limbs and joints were created to actualise the Ibaadah of Allaah Azzawajall, to prostrate and bow to Him and to help fulfil the obligations men owe to their Maker and those which they owe to each other.

The heart is the king and the limbs are its troops. The limbs follow the heart and are subservient to it. The hearts like, dislike, love, hate, fear, desire, wish and aspire (on account of what they are filled with by means of the eyes and ears and the process of reflection/thought/imagination) and the limbs give effect to that by the performance of actions. Allaah the Exalted says:

{But He will take you to account for what your hearts have earned}[47]

And there occurs in the hadeeth reported by Muslim which clarifies this:"Indeed Allaah does not look at your bodies nor at your appearances but He looks at your hearts and your actions" [48]

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