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On Eemaan, Ibaadah and Tawheed : Their Link and Interrelation.
  Lesson 5: General Principles Regarding Allaah's Names
Author: Abu Iyaad as-Salafi
Article ID : SCL010005  [16319]  
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To illustrate this, lets look at some ‘transitive’ and ‘non-transitive’ examples in the following table.

Transitive Names
The Name 1. To affirm the name: 2. To affirm the quality 3. Its ruling and implication
Al-Aleem (All-Knowing) ‘Al-Aleem’ Allaah has ‘knowledge’ Allaah’s knowledge covers every single thing. Nothing is hidden from Him etc…
Ar-Razzaaq (The Provider) ‘Ar-Razzaaq’ Allaah ‘provides’ Allaah provides for and sustains the whole of creation. He sends the rain, splits the seed and causes the herbage to grow etc….and by all this, He feeds and clothes the whole of creation.
As-Samee’(All-Hearing) ‘As-Samee’ Allaah ‘hears’ Allaah hears all of the creation, nothing is hidden from His hearing.
Al-Mujeeb(The Responder) ‘Al-Mujeeb’ Allaah ‘responds’ Allaah responds to His creation when they call upon Him and when they are in distress and when they submit their needs to Him.
Al-Khaaliq (The Creator) ‘Al-Khaaliq’ Allaah ‘creates’ Allaah is the Creator of everything, He created the universe and He continues to add to His creation as He wills
Ash-Shaafi’(The Healer) ‘Ash-Shaafi’’ Allaah ‘heals’ Allaah heals the creation and removes their ills and diseases, whether they are physical, or related to the soul and the heart….
Al-Musawwir (The Fashioner) ‘Al-Musawwir’ Allaah ‘fashions, forms, shapes’ Allaah is the one who forms us in our wombs and gives us our shape….
Non-Transitive Names
The Name

1. To affirm the name:

2. To affirm the quality

 
Al-Ahad (The Unique) ‘Al-Ahad’ Allaah is ‘unique’  
Al-Hayy(The Ever-Living) ‘Al-Hayy’ Allaah has ‘perfect life’  
As-Samad (The Self-Sufficient) ‘As-Samad’ Allaah has the quality of being ‘self-sufficient, independent of everythinig else’  
Al-Awwal (The First) ‘Al-Awwal’ Allaah is the ‘first’ before everything.  
Al-Quddoos ‘Al-Quddoos’ Allaah is ‘clear of imperfections and evil things’  

So these are some examples. Notice how the ‘transitive’ ones mostly involve actions whereas the ‘non-transitive’ ones mostly describe states or qualities.

THE FOURTH PRINCIPLE: The Names of Allaah are ‘Tawqeefiyyah’ and there is no place for the intellect regarding them.


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