Tawheed ul-Asmaa was-Sifaat: This is to have the
knowledge of Allaahs Names and Attributes. To have belief and conviction
in what He has described Himself with and the Names Has has mentioned in His
Book and upon the tongue of His Messenger in the Sunnah. We have to believe them
in the right way, as we have been commanded, as did the Companions of
Allaahs Messenger. We have already covered the topic of Allaahs
Attributes in Lesson 2 and we covered how to believe in His Attributes in such a
way so that it does not nullify the Tawheed of Allaah. In a future lesson
(Lesson 5) we will look at the Names of Allaah and discuss the principles behind
understanding them aswell.
So the above two categories are related to knowledge.
Tawheed ul-Uloohiyyah: This is to worship Allaah alone
in ones inward and outward actions. Allaah has informed us of all the actions
that He loves and is pleased whether they are inward actions (i.e. of the heart)
or whether they are outward actions (i.e. of the tongue and limbs). So this
aspect of Tawheed is to do with knowing and acting upon everything that Allaah
has commanded and refraining from everything that He has forbidden. Allaah has
also explained everything that constitues Shirk (such as fortune-telling,
wearing talismans etc..) so a part of perfecting this aspect of Tawheed, is
knowing what actions constitute Tawheed and what actions constitute Shirk. And
we shall look at this in Lesson 6 inshaaallaah.
We will now discuss a number of points related to this
1. Where did this categorisation come from:
Some one might ask - where did this categorisation come from?
Isnt this an innovation. Because the companions never explained this?
The answer to this is that this categorisation is not an
innovation at all. And by looking at Tawheed at this way it does not mean we
have innovating anything new. And also we are not claiming that looking at
Tawheed in this way is an act of worship. (which is the definition of
Bidah - i.e. inventing something new and seeking to worship Allaah by
it). And even if we did not have these terms then the Quraan explains
these principles anyway.
In other words, Allaah has mentioned what we mean by Tawheed
ur-Ruboobiyyah, Tawheed ul-Asmaa was-Sifaat and Tawheed ul-Uloohiyyah in the
There are many verses where Allaah mentions that He is
the Rabb of all the Worlds and other verses related to this where He
says He created the heavens and the earth, that He is in control of
everything etc. All of these indicate His Ruboobiyyah
There are verses in which Allaah says there is nothing
like Him (see Lesson 2) - i.e. the underlying principle in Tawheed
ul-Asmaa was-Sifaat, and verses in which He mentions His Names and
Attributes etc.. So all of these indicate His Names and Attributes AND
the way we are supposed to believe in them.
There are verses in which Allaah asks the creation to
worship Him alone and not to worship another god along with Him whether
that might be in ones inward actions, or outward actions. So all of
these such verses indicate His Uloohiyyah
So the basis of all of this is in the Quraan anyway.
Nothing new has been innovated. To illustrate this : Go back to Lesson 2 and
remember how we said that we have to believe in Allaahs Attributes
without resembling them to the creation in other words we must not do
Tashbeeh. Someone might say, but this word Tashbeeh, the
Companions never used it so where did you get it from? The issue is that the
principle is in the Quran, it doesnt matter what we call it.
Allaah said: "There is nothing like Him [42:11]. So this
tells us that we cannot do tashbeeh i.e. resemble His Attributes
to those of the creation. So the meaning is already in this verse, all we have
done is to identify this principle and give it a label to make it easier to
understand. We have not invented or imposed any new concept or meaning upon the
It is similar with the branches of Tawheed. They are all
contained in the verses of the Quraan and even though the names of these
categories are not mentioned, the principles, concepts and meanings behind them
have, all we have done is to identify them. In this is an uncovering of the
enemies of Tawheed, those who claim that the Salafis have resembled the
Christians in inventing a trinity, a triune Tawheed
as they say. Such idiotic fools, having no knowledge, sense or guidance, only
earn the wrath of Allaah in their constant struggle and fight against the
adherents of Tawheed. So you should not be mislead by the rantings and ravings
of the lunatics, foremost amongst them the hallucinogenic Soofees.