And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides
Allâh as rivals (to Allâh). They love them as they love Allâh.
But those who believe, love Allâh more (than anything else). If only,
those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all power
belongs to Allâh and that Allâh is Severe in punishment. [Baqarah
O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his
religion (Islâm), Allâh will bring a people whom He will love and
they will love Him
And the well known hadeeth:
"There are three qualities, whoever possesses them will
taste the sweetness of eemaan
that he loves Allaah and the
Messenger over everything else
2. The Vast in Mercy (ar-Rahmaan), Ever-Merciful (to His
The word ar-Rahmaan is such in the arabic
language that it denotes an overflowing quality. In other words it shows that
Allaah is vast and overflowing in His Mercy, or that He is the Most-Merciful and
that His mercy comprehends and envelopes everything. As the Angels say:
O our Lord, You have encompassed everything with Your knowledge
The word ar-Raheem means one who constantly
bestows mercy, is always being merciful in His actions.
The first of the two names ar-Rahmaan is general
for the whole of creation. In other words Allaah gives blessings and shows mercy
to the disbelievers and the hypocrites etc. since He gives them food, drink,
saves them from harm and other such things. So this is general for the whole of
creation. The second of the two refers only to the Believers, those whom Allaah
favours with knowledge, guidance, forgiveness, eemaan etc.
This verse contains the element of hope in the sense that we
hope in Allaah, either for our worldly needs and more importantly for the needs
with respect to the religion and the hereafter. So when we come to know of these
two names of Allaah it produces the feelings of hope in our hearts. That is we
hope that Allaah grants us mercy, forgives us, turns to us, guides us, increases
in knowledge and faith. And also we hope that He provides for us, sustains us,
protects us, etc.
3. Master/King of the Day of Judgement
It is clear why this verse is linked to and produces fear in
the hearts. This reminds us of the terrors of the day of Judgement, the various
events that will take place such as being held to account, standing in front of
Allaah with Hellfire to the right and left, being presented with the scrolls,
either in the right hand, the left hand or behind our backs, when we will be
tested to see if we can prostrate when Allaah reveals His Shin, the crossing
over the bridge, the settling of the accounts and disputes that occurred amongst
the believers - those who manage to get over the other side of the bridge, the
fact that everything we have done will be laid out in front of us to see - and
all the other things which are too numerous to mention.
So this no doubt, will inculcate fear in our hearts, fear of
Allaahs anger, His punishment, His rejection of our actions and our
Now we are aware of the foundations of worship, or the
characteristic features of worship - love, hope and fear. We shall now make some
additional points to give us a better understanding of this topic.
POINT 1 : Combining Hope and Fear
We have been requested to combine both hope and fear, in our
worship and prayers and all other actions. Allaah said:
And call upon Him out of fear and hope [Araaf
Their sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear
and hope [Sajdah 32:16]
So we have been requested to combine both these qualities. In
other words - for example -when we make supplication, we hope that Allaah
answers our prayers and we fear that it might be rejected. Doing this protects
from two things - despairing of Allaahs Mercy, and not being too
confident or arrogant that somehow Allaah will and must respond.
In fact the above two verses and others like them can be
understood and linked to verses such as the following:
Declare (O Muhammad SAW) unto My slaves, that truly, I am the
Oft-Forgiving, the Most-Merciful. And that My Torment is indeed the most painful
torment. [Hijr 15:49-50]
The Forgiver of sin, the Acceptor of repentance, the Severe in
punishment, Extensive (in His Favour, Grasp, Power) [Ghaafir 40:3]
See how Allaah mentioned His mercy along with His punishment?
He did not mention mercy alone - but He coupled it with His punishment and
likewise He did not mention punishment alone but coupled it with His mercy. This
shows that we should worship Allaah with both of these states.