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Sayyid Qutb
  The Heresies of Sayyid Qutb in Light of the Statements of the Ulamaa (Part 2)
Author: SalafiPublications.Com
Source: Baraa'ah Ulamaa il-Ummah Min Tazkiyah Ahl il-Bid'ah (by Isaam bin Abdullah as-Sinaanee)
Article ID : NDV010010  


Prologue

The Extremist Murji’ah who have emerged in the current times have no precedence before them in the history of Islaam in their defence of those who assault the Messengers of Allaah, make mockery of them, and who perform takfir of the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger and accuse them of hypocrisy and treachery and slander and make mockery of Uthmaan (radiallaahu anhu) and who call for the abolition of parts of the Islamic Sharee’ah because it is not suitable for the times.

So when their Sayyid and Imaam is refuted by the Mashayikh of Ahl us-Sunnah and foremost amongst them Shaikh Rabee’ bin Haadee al-Madkhalee – may Allaah preserve him, it only increases them in their rage and hatred – not for the sake of the Islaamic Aqidah and the honour of the Prophets and Companions, but for the sake of their Sayyid and Imaam. But mockery of the Prophets and takfir of the Sahabah does not enrage them, and refuge is from Allaah from such vile and filthy Irjaa’ which necessitates silence in the face of statements of disbelief and apostasy.

This paper is the second part of a refutation of those Qutubis who try to make the mediation of Imaam Ibn Baaz for Sayyid Qutb prior to his death a justification of Qutb’s deviant creed and methodology and as way of praising and propagating his misguided and heretical writings. Comprising the statements and refutations of the Imaams of the Salafi Da’wah and its Mashayikh against Sayyid Qutb and those with his affectations, this paper consists of excerpts from the book "Baraa’ah Ulamaa il-Ummah Min Tazkiyat Ahl il-Bid’ah wal-Mudhammah", checked by Shaikh Salih al-Fawzaan who made additional comments and notes and read over the book twice. The book was also read by Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Uthaimeen who praised it and made some minor changes to his own words that were quoted therein.

1. Shaikh Salih al-Fawzaan

Sayyid Qutb said concerning slavery, "And concerning the slaves, that was when slavery was a world-wide structure and which was conducted amongst the Muslims and their enemies in the form of enslaving of prisoners of war. And it was necessary for Islam to adopt a similar line of practise until the world devised a new code of practise, other than enslavement." [in ‘az-Zilal’, Surah Tawbah (3/1669), found also in tafsir of Surah Baqarah (/230), tafsir of Surah Mu’minoon (4/2455), tafsir of Surah Muhammad (6/3285)]

Questioner: "O respected Shaikh, one of the contemporary writers is of the view that this religion, at its inception, was compelled to accept the institution of slavery of the days of ignorance."

Shaikh Salih al-Fawzaan: "I seek refuge in Allaah"

Questioner: [Completing his question] "However, he has come from the angle that the doors to the various expiations and other matters which involve the liberation of slaves should be opened (i.e. that these affairs should be encouraged) gradually, until slavery finally ends. And following on from this, that the intent of the Legislator is to gradually end this institution of slavery. So what is your view on this?"

Shaikh Salih al-Fawzaan: "These are words of falsehood (baatil) – and refuge is from Allaah – despite the fact that many of the writers and thinkers – and we do not say scholars - repeat these words. Rather we say that they are thinkers (mufakkireen), just as they call them. And it is unfortunate, that they also call them ‘Du’at’ (callers). And this (type of statement) is found in the tafsir of Sayyid Qutb in Dhilaal ul-Qura’aan. He says, "Islaam does not affirm slavery, but it only allowed it to remain out of fear that the people may turn to despotism, that they may disapprove of it’s abolition since they had been accustomed to it. Hence Islaam has allowed it to continue out of courtesy to the people" Meaning, as if Allaah was being courteous to the people, and then he alluded to its gradual removal until it is completely finished.

These words are falsehood and (constitute) deviation (ilhaad) – and refuge is from Allaah. This is deviation and a false accusation against Islaam. And if it had not been for the excuse of ignorance [because] we excuse them on account of (their) ignorance, so we do not say that they are Unbelievers because they are ignorant and are blind followers who have merely quoted this saying without reflecting upon it, hence we excuse them on account of ignorance. Otherwise, these statements are very dangerous and if a person said them deliberately he would become apostate and leave Islaam. However, we say that they are ignorant people because they are but literary writers who have not learnt the knowledge. So they found this statement and rejoiced on account of it and then refuted the Unbelievers by it. Since the Unbelievers say that Islaam empowers some people (over others) and that it enslaves the people and that it… and that it… So they intended to refute them with this ignorance. And when the ignoramus refutes the enemy then he only increases the enemy in evil and hence the enemy holds more tightly to his falsehood. Refutation occurs by way of knowledge. It does no occur by way of sentiments or by ignorance. Rather it occurs by knowledge and evidence. Otherwise, it is obligatory for a person to remain quiet and not to speak in dangerous matters about which he has no knowledge.

So these words are falsehood and whoever says them deliberately then he is an Unbeliever. As for the one who says them out of ignorance or due to blind following (of others), then he is to be excused due to his ignorance. And ignorance is a killing catastrophe – and refuge is from Allaah. Islaam has affirmed slavery and slavery is ancient and existed prior to Islaam and was present in the revealed religions prior to it. And it will continue so long as Jihaad in the path of Allaah exists."

Source:

Cassette Recording dated 4/8/1416 and subsequently verified by the Shaikh himself with a few minor alterations to the wording.

2. Fatwaa of the Muhaddith Hammaad bin Muhammad al-Ansaaree

The Shaikh – rahimahullaah - was asked about the statement of Sayyid Qutb, "And it is necessary for Islaam to judge, since it is a unique, constructive and positivist aqidah which has been moulded and shaped from Christianity and Communism together, in the most perfect of ways and which comprises all of their (i.e Christianity and Communism’s) objectives and adds in addition to them harmony, balance and justice." (Ma’rakat ar-Ra’samaaliyyah wal-Islaam).

The Shaikh replied, "If the one who said these words was alive, then his repentance should be sought, so if he repents (then so) otherwise he is to be killed as an apostate. And if he has died then it is obligatory to explain that these words are falsehood. However we do not perform takfir of him since we have not established the proof against him."

Source:

From the book of Shaikh Rabee’ ‘al-Awaasim Mimmaa Fee Kutub Sayyid Qutub Minal-Qawaasim’ (p. 24) and who read it out to Shaikh Hammaad himself on the night of 3/1/1415 in order to corroborate it.

3. Fatwaa of Shaikh ‘Abdul-Azeez Ibn Baz

Some parts of the book of Sayyid Qutb ‘at-Tasweer al-Fannee fil-Qur’aan’ were read to him such as his speech about Moosaa - ‘alaihis-Salaam - upon whom he said: "Let us take Moosaa - as the example of the leader of excitable nature - and this excitable impulse quickly passes away and he regains his composure, as is the case with the excitable folk." Then he said with regard to the Saying of Allah - the Most High - "Fa as-ba-hu fil madinati kha bi fan..." :- "This is the description of a well known state: the restlessness or fear of one expecting evil at every turn - and this is the characteristic of the excitable folk." [‘at-Tasweer al-Fannee fil-Qur’aan’: p.200,201,203. 13th ....]

So the Shaikh replied to this:

"Mockery of the Prophets is apostasy in its own."

And is was said to him that Shaikh Rabee’ al-Madhkhalee has written a refutation of Sayyid Qutb, so the Shaikh said: "Rebuttal of him is good."

Source:

During a lesson of Shaikh ‘Abdul - ‘Azeez ibn Baaz - hafizahullaah - in his house in Riyaadh: 1413H, ‘Minhaajus-Sunnah tapes of ar-Riyaadh

Summary

Shaikh ul-Islaam, Imaam Ibn Baaz was asked, "The one who praises Ahl ul-Bid’ah, is he to be counted amongst them?" So he replied, "Yes, there is no doubt about this, the one who praises them is one who actually calls to them". [Cassette: Aqwaal ul-Ulamaa Fee Sayyid Qutb]

Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said, "It is obligatory to punish everyone who ascribes himself to them – the people of innovation – or who defends them, or who praises them, or who reveres their books, or who detests that they should be talked about, or who begins to make excuses for them by saying he does not understand what these words mean or by saying that this person also authored another book and what is similar to these types of excuses, which are not made except by an ignoramus or a hypocrite. Rather, it is obligatory to punish everyone who knows of their condition and did not assist in repelling their evil, for repelling their evil is one of the greatest of obligations." Majmoo ul-Fataawaa (2/132)

Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah also said: "And in the face of those who perform takfir in falsehood are a people who do not know the aqidah of Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah as it truly should be known, or they know some of it but are ignorant of some of it. Yet whatever they do know of it, they do not always explain it to the people but conceal it. And they do not forbid the innovations that oppose the Book and the Sunnah, nor do they rebuke the People of Innovations and neither do they punish them. In fact, they may even criticise absolutely any talk of the Sunnah and the fundamental principles of the religion [i.e. Tawhid etc.]. Or they may accommodate everyone, with all their varying madhhabs… This approach has overcome many of the Murji’ah, some of the Jurists, Sufis and Philosophers. And both of these two approaches (i.e. that of the Takfiris and the Murji’ah and those with them) are deviant, and outside the [confines of the] Book and the Sunnah." Majmu’ ul-Fatawa (16/427)

Epilogue

Beware O Brother and Sister Muslim from this sect – may Allaah sever it - which accuses the Imaam and Muhaddith, Imaam of Ahl us-Sunnah and Shaikh ul-Islaam, Muhammad Nasir ud-Deen al-Albani with the Irjaa’ of Jahm Ibn Safwaan – and may Allaah free him from this mghty slander and exonerate him – and know that this sect itself wallows in the extremes of Irjaa, for when, according to its own teachings and principles, takfir ought to be performed, it refrains from it and instead makes excuses and pleas of justification for the statements of kufr and apostasy that emanate from its leading founders and mentors, and from Allaah is the refuge. And it hates and detests that its mentors and leaders and their statements of kufr and apostasy are exposed, refuted and demolished!!

And know that anyone who promotes the books of Sayyid Qutb, portraying him as a Scholar and Imaam, equal to the likes of Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (!!) and Shaikh ul-Islaam Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhaab(!!) and Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Baaz(!!) and one worthy to be followed in his Khariji methodology[*], then know that either he is an ignoramus with compound ignorance or he is a person of desires, who feigns the gown of Salafiyyah, deceives the common-folk and who stands at the gates of Hellfire, inviting you to become one of its inhabitants, and from Allaah is the refuge.

[*] "And it was in this period that the books of the Shaheed, Sayyid Qutb appeared, the books that represented his final thoughts (in ideology, before his death). Those which justified the takfir of (whole) societies… the breaking of all sentimental attachments to society, breaking off ties with others, and the announcement of a destructive jihad against the whole of mankind. And showing contempt against the du’at who call for lenience and softness, accusing them of idiocy, and being defeatist. [Saying all of this], in front of the western civilisation. He made this manifest, in the most clear manner in the tafsir, "Fee Zilaal il-Qur’aan", in the 2nd edition and in ‘Ma’alim fit-Tariq’ (Milestones), and the bulk of it is taken from ‘Zilal’ and ‘Al-Islam wa Mushkilat al-Hadaarah’ and others…"Yusuf al-Qaradawi, one of the Leaders of Ikhwan, in ‘Priorities of the Islamic Movement (p.110)’

"We have pointed out in what has preceded that the spread of the ideology of takfir occurred amongst the youth of the Ikhwaan who were imprisoned in the late fifties and early sixties, and that they were influenced by the ideology of the Shaheed Sayyid Qutb and his writings. They derived from these writings that the society had fallen into Jahiliyyah (of kufr), and that he had performed takfir of the rulers who had rejected the Hakimiyyah of Allaah by not ruling by what Allaah has revealed, and also takfir of those ruled over (i.e. civilians), when they became satisfied with this." Fareed ‘Abdul-Khaliq, one of the Murshids of Ikhwaan, in ‘Ikhwan ul-Muslimoon Fee Mizanil-Haqq’ (p.115)


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