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Ruling By Other Than What Allaah Has Revealed
  A Treatise on Ruling by Other than What Allaah has Revealed
Author: Shaikh `Abdus-Salam al-Burjis
Source: Cassette Lecture (Translation and Additions by `Abu Iyaad as-Salafi)
Article ID : MNJ050003  [17865]  
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The evidence of this generality is taken from the verse itself and also from the narrations that have been reported from the Salaf may Allah be pleased with them all in explanation of this verse. For the statement of the saying of Allah, the Sublime and the Most High:

"And whoever…"

gives evidence to the generality (i.e. includes everybody). And this particle "man" is one of the words which indicates generality in the view of the People of Knowledge, since it is one of the nouns of condition (‘ism ush-shart’) and so therefore it refers to all of those being addressed.

And whoever restricts it to the ruler only then he has fallen into a very big error.

As for the generality of its application to the second entity, then that is its application to all of the rules and laws of Allah, the Most High and Sublime. Therefore, every ruling, whether it is small or large, is for Allah and is included in this verse, due to its generality.

Taking interest for example, or drinking alcohol, or eating with the left hand, and letting the lower garment hang below the ankles, or having intercourse with ones wife during her menses, the laws of Allah have come for all of these matters and all of the laws of Allah regardless of whatever they may be, whether those that we have just mentioned as examples or those that have not been mentioned, come under this verse.

And the evidence for the generality here is the saying of Allah:

And whoever does not judge by WHATEVER Allah has revealed…

The word ‘ma’ again has the meaning of generality in view of the People of Knowledge. Therefore the statement of Allah, "… by whatever Allah has revealed…" includes all of the laws and rules of Allah, the Sublime and Almighty, regardless of whether it is his ruling concerning adultery, or for the one who drinks with his left hand.

And the Salaf, when they understood the meaning of this verse, in the manner described above, since it is from the language of Arabs with which they actually spoke and in which the Book of Allah was revealed, when they understood this from the verse, they said concerning the statement of Allah in the verse, "… then they are the disbelievers":

"Kufr less than kufr, that which does not eject a person from the religion".

This then is the asl (foundational pillar) concerning ruling by other than what Allah has revealed. And it is reported with an authentic chain of narration which has no defect in the view of the People of Knowledge, from Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said,

"It is kufr in the [particular] rule itself and is not kufr in Allah, His Angels, Books or Messengers."

This narration has been reported by at-Tabari from Ibn Sari’ who said, "Waki’ ibn al-Jarrah" narrated to us, "my father narrated to me from Sufyan from Amr bin Rashid from Ibn Tawus from his father from Ibn Abbas.." and this isnad reaches perfect authenticity.

And at-Tabari also reported that a man said concerning this verse, "So whoever does that has he disbelieved?" so Ibn ‘Abbaas replied to him, "When he does that it is kufr only in that action of his, and he is not like the one who disbelieves in Allah and the Last Day."

And in the Mustadrak of al-Hakim from Ibn ‘Abbas also that he said, "Verily it is not the kufr which you tend to, it is not the kufr which ejects a person from the religion, "and whoever does not rule by whatever Allah has revealed" then this is kufr less than kufr."

So these are authentic and very explicit narrations from the explainer of the Qur’an and the erudite scholar of the ummah, Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him.

And what has come from Ibn ‘Abbaas has also come from others besides him, from the Salaf of this Ummah and from its scholars. To give examples, what has been reported by at-Tabari in his tafsir, that a group of the Ibadi’ah sat with Abu Mijliz and they said to him, Allah says, "whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed, they are the disbelievers, they are the oppressors, they are the rebellious" Abu Mijliz replied, "Certainly they do what they do and they know that it is a sin. And this verse was revealed concerning the Jews and the Christians." They replied, By Allah you do not know what we know but you only fear them." He replied, You have more reason to do that than we do, as for us we do not know what you know but you know it."

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