Amr Ibn al-Aas said: "We were with the Messenger
(S) when a young man approached him and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, can I kiss
while fasting. He (S) said: "No." Then an old man came and said:
"Can I kiss while fasting?" He (S) said: "Yes." We began to
look at each other, and so the Messenger of Allah (T) said: "The old man
can control himself." [Ahmad]
Blood Testing and
inoculations other than inoculations for nourishment
These things do not break the fast. (See the section that relates to the
things that invalidate the fast).
blood from the head or other parts of the body as a medicinal
This act used to cause the fast to be
void, however, the ruling was later abrogated. Ibn 'Abbaas (R) said: "The
Prophet (S) had hijaamah done to him while he was fasting." [Al-Bukhaaree]
Tasting food as long as it
does not go down the throat
Ibn 'Abbaas said:
"Nothing is wrong in tasting vinegar or any other thing while one is
fasting, as long as that thing does not enter the throat." [Ibn Abi Shaibah
Pouring cold water on the
head or taking a complete bath (ghusl)
Messenger of Allah (T) used to pour water on his head while he was fasting
because of thirst or severe heat. [Abu Dawood and Ahmad]
Applying kuhl or eye drops to the eyes even if the taste
of any of these reaches the throat
Imaam Al Bukhaaree in
his Saheeh said that: "Anas, Al-Hassan, and Ibraheem did not see anything
wrong for the fasting person who uses kuhl in the eyes."
8. THINGS WHICH INVALIDATE THE FAST
Question: In what situation
is one permitted to break the fast of Ramadaan?
Answer: The following are the major situations which permit a person to
break the fast of Ramadaan:
3. Pregnancy in which a woman feels
that fasting is hard on her or is threatening to her or her child's welfare.
4. Baby-nursing (breast feeding), when the woman has
similar concerns to those in (3) above.
5. Old age.
6. Being forced during the day to exert a hard physical
labour which is judged threatening to the person's well being should he continue
A person belonging to any of the above groups will have
to fast a day later (make qadaa) for every day missed. However, those for whom
the above situation persists continuously all around the year (pregnant and
nursing women, according to many ulamaa) should instead pay a ransom for every
Question: In which
situations is the fast involuntarily disrupted?
Answer: The fast is disrupted (and there is no point or reward in
continuing to fast) when a woman sees the blood caused by either of:
2. Labour or
The woman in this case will have to fast a
day later (make Qadaa) for every day (or part of day) that she missed.
Question: What acts
invalidate the fast?
Answer: The following
acts, when done knowingly and deliberately in the days of Ramadaan, will
invalidate the fast. In addition to being considered major sins in Islaam, a
person committing one of these acts will have to continue fasting the rest of
the day that he committed it, and he is also required to take certain measures
of reconciliations as indicated below.
1. Voluntary vomiting.
Intending to stop fasting at any moment during the day of fast.
3. Stimulating oneself, without copulation, to the point of ejaculation.
A person committing one of the above acts, (I) through
(3), will have to make up (Qadaa) for every day thus invalidated.
4. Sexual Intercourse. Any fast thus invalidated will
require both the Qadaa (make up for that day) as well as a material atonement
(Kaffaarah, which corresponds to freeing a slave, fasting two consecutive months
or feeding sixty people, where these three alternatives should be expiated in
the same order mentioned in the Hadeeth).
Deliberately eating, drinking, smoking or letting any material into the stomach.
Contrary to widespread misconception, a day thus
invalidated cannot be atoned in the same way as intercourse; it cannot even be
atoned by even fasting the entire life. Thus, in addition to the qadaa (making
up by fasting a day for the missed day), the only way to atone such an act would
be true sincere repentance and strong determination never to do it again.
Question. What acts do not
invalidate the fast, even though many people think they do?
Answer: Contrary to many misconceptions, there is no valid
evidence that any of the following acts invalidate the fast (even though some of
them might reduce the rewards of fasting).