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A Description of the Prophet's Prayer
  On the Raising of the Hands During the Prayer
Author: Haafidh Abdur Raheem al-Mubaarakfooree
Source: Tukhfatul Ahwadhee bisharh Jaami at-Tirmidhee Vol2, pp.88-100 (Eng. Trans. Abu Rumaysah)
Article ID : IBD040001  [18901]  
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[BEGIN QUOTE FROM JAAMI AT_TIRMIDHEE]

Note: [.... indicates omission of isnaad]

255: ....From Saalim from his father who said, 'I saw the Messenger of Allaah raise his hands up to his shoulders when he started the prayer, and when he went into ruku' and when he raised his head from ruku', and the son of ibn Umar added in his hadeeth, 'and he did not do that between the two sajdas'

256: Abu 'Eesaa (ie at-Tirmidhee) said, ....az-Zuhree related to us the likes of the hadeeth of ibn Umar.

He said, and the ahaadeeth like this are related from Umar, Ali, Wa'il bin Hujr, Maalik bin Huwairith, Anas, Abu Hurayra, Abu Haamid, Abu Aseed, Sahl bin Sa'd, Muhammad bin Muslima, Abu Qataadah, Abu Musa al-Asharee, Jaabir and Umair al-Laithee.

Abu 'Eesaa said, the hadeeth of ibn Umar is Hasan Saheeh. And some of the people of Knowledge from the Companions of the Prophet held this view, from amongst them: ibn Umar, Jaabir bin Abdullaah, Abu Hurayra, Anas, ibn Abbaas, Abdullaah bin Zubair and others. And from the Taabi'een: Hasan al-Basri, 'Ataa, Tawoos, Mujaahid, Naafi', Saalim bin Abdullaah, Sa'eed bin Jubair and others.

And of this opinion were Abdullaah bin Mubaarak, ash-Shaafi'ee, Ahmad and Ishaaq.

And Abdullaah bin Mubaarak said, 'the hadeeth of the one who raises his hands is established, ' and he mentioned the hadeeth of Saalim from his father (i.e. no.255), 'and the hadeeth of ibn Mas'ud ) is not established, "that the Prophet did not raise his hands except the first time"'....

....From 'Alqama who said, 'ibn Mas'ud said, "shall I not pray with you the prayer of the Messenger of Allaah " so he prayed and he did not raise his hands except the first time.'

He (i.e Tirmidhee) said, and the hadeeth like this are related from al-Baraa bin Aazib.

Abu 'Eesaa said, the Hadeeth of ibn Mas'ud is a Hasan hadeeth. And of this opinion were more than one of the People of Knowledge from the Companions of the Prophet and the Taabi'een. And it is the opinion of Sufyaan and the People of Kufah.

[END OF QUOTE FROM JAAMI AT_TIRMIDHEE]


COMMENTARY

His saying, ' raise his hands up to his shoulders when he started the prayer, and when he went into ruku' and when he raised his head from ruku''

This is a clear evidence that raising of the hands in these places is a sunnah. And this is the truth and that which is correct.

And Bukhaaree transmits in his {saheeh}, after this hadeeth of ibn Umar, from his shaikh Ali bin al-Madanee who said, 'it is a duty upon the muslims that they raise their hands at the time of ruku' and rising from it, due to this hadeeth of ibn Umar.' And this is in the narration of ibn Asaakir. And Imaam Bukhaaree mentioned it in his {juz rafa' al-yadain} and expounded on it, and he was the most knowledgable person of his time.

'AND HE DID NOT DO THAT BETWEEN THE TWO SAJDAS'

And in a narration of Bukhaaree, 'and he did not do that when he made sajda, nor when he raised his head from sajda.'

'AND THE AHAADEETH LIKE THIS ARE RELATED FROM.....'

[sources of narration omitted]

as-Suyuti said in {al-Azhaar al-Mutanaathira fee al-Akhbaar al-Mutawaatira}, 'that the hadeeth of raising (hands at ruku) is mutawaatir from the Prophet '.

..... And al-Haafidh (ibn Hajr) said in {al-Fath} and Bukhaaree mentioned that raising of the hands at ruku' and at rising from ruku' is related from 17 of the sahaabah.

And al-Haakim and Abu al-Qaasim ibn Mandah mention that from amongst the ones that narrate it are the ten promised paradise. And our shaikh Abu al-Fadl al-Haafidh mentioned that he followed up the narrations from the sahaabah and they reached 50 (sahaabah).

ash-Shawkaanee said in {an-Nail},

'that al-Bayhaqi list in his {sunan} and {khilaafiyaah} the names of those that the relate the raising of hands (at ruku' reaching) the likes of 30 sahaabah. And he said, "I heard al-Haakim say, 'the ten promised paradise related this sunnah and others from the greatest of the Sahaabah.' and it is as he said"'

And al-Haakim and al-Bayhaqi also said, 'And a narration of a sunnah is not known upon which the ten and those after them from the greatest of the Companions agreed to except this one'

His saying, 'AND SOME OF THE PEOPLE OF KNOWLEDGE FROM THE COMPANIONS OF THE PROPHET HELD THIS VIEW..'

al-Haafidh (ibn Hajr) said in {al-Fath}, 'Muhammad bin Nasr al-Marwazee said, "the scholars of the lands agree to the legislation of this (sunnah) except the people of Kufah. And al-Bukhaaree authored a seperate book on this issue, and he relates in it from al-Hasan and Humaid bin Halaal, "that the sahaabah used to do that." And Bukhaaree said, "and al-Hasan did not exclude anyone"' [end]


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