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The Foundations of Ibadah
  The Obligation of Ibadah Upon the Creation
Author: Abu Iyad as-Salafi
Source: The Book of Worship
Article ID : IBD010001  [14946]  
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The Creation of Mankind

Ibaadah is the basis and pillar of the Deen (religion) and for it Allaah Azzawajall[1] created Jinn and Mankind. The Exalted said:

{And I have not created Jinn and Men except that they may worship Me}[2]

Allaah has described in detail His signs and miracles to mankind that they may come to recognise and believe in Him and realise that He is their Creator, Maker and Fashioner. Among the greatest of His signs and miracles is the creation of man from a mere sperm drop into a fully grown creature.

{He (Allaah) fashioned both male and female from a drop of fluid that has been ejaculated}[3]

{Verily, it is We who have created man from a drop of mingled liquids(male and female ejaculations}[4]

{Does man think that He is left to Himself to waste his life? Was he not a mere sperm (drop of fluid) out of semen that has been ejaculated? Thereafter he became an Alaqah (into different organs) and then (Allaah) gave its form and shape. And He, out of that semen, made both sexes the male and the female. Is He then not able to bring the dead back to life?}[5]

{We created man from the quintessence of mud. Thereafter, We placed him as a drop of liquid (sperm) in a firm lodging (the womb). Then We fashioned the sperm (Nutfah) into something that clings (Alaqah) which We fashioned into a chewed like lump/flesh (Mudghah). Then We fashioned the chewed like lump/flesh into bones then We clothed the bones with flesh. Then We developed out of it another creature. So Blessed be Allaah, the Best of Creators}[6]

Subjection of the Universe for Mankind

Allaah, the Exalted has created and subjected all that is in the Heavens and the Earth for mankind so that they recognise this great blessing and honour and that this facilitates for them the performance of their obligation towards Him.

{Do you not see that Allaah has subjected to you all that is in the Heavens and the Earth}[7]

{And He has subjected to you all that is in the Heavens and the Earth; it is all as a favour and kindness from Him. Verily, in it are signs for a people who think deeply}[8]

{Allaah is He who has created the heavens and the earth and sends down water (rain) from thesky, and thereby bought forth fruits as provisions for you; and He has made the ships to be of service to you, that they may sail through the seas by His Command; and He has made rivers also to be of service to you. And He has made the sun and the moon, both diligently pursuing their courses, to be of service to you; and He has made the night and day, to be of service to you. And He gave you all that you asked for, and if you count the blessings of Allaah, never will you be able to count them}[9]

{And the cattle, He has created them for you; in them their is warmth (warm clothing) and numerous benefits and from them you eat}[10]


Sustenance

Allaah has made marriage and lawful sexual relations the route by which every soul will come into his or her life on this earth for a decided period and the means by which the human race will continue.

[It is He who has created you from clay, and then has decreed a stated term (for you to die)}[11]

{It is He who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep) and has knowledge of all that you have done by day, then he raises (wakes) you up again that a term appointed (your life period) may be fulfilled, then in the end unto Him will be your return. Then He will inform you what you used to do}[12]

The sustenance for every individual (during his lifespan) has been determined and apportioned to make him reach his fixed period (i.e. lifespan). Also, to enable him to perform the obligatory duties imposed upon him.

{And He sent down from the sky water and with it brought out (from the ground) fruits as sustenance/provision for you}[13]

Abdullaah ibn Mas'ood (radiallaahu-anhu) said: The Messenger (sallallaahu-alaihi-wasallam) told us, and he is the truthful, the believed: "Indeed, the creation of one of you is brought together in his mother's womb in forty days as a drop of sperm, then as something which clings for a similar period, then as a chewed lump (of flesh) for a similar period. Then an angel is sent to blow into it the soul. And it (the angel) is commanded to write down four things: his sustenance, his age, his deeds and whether he will be wretched or happy"[14]

The Heart, Eyes and Ears

Among Allaah's blessings are that He has given us the faculties of hearing, seeing and understanding. Allaah the Exalted said:

Say: It is He Who initiated your (creation) and gave you hearing, sight and understanding (a heart), little thanks do you give.[15]


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