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Aqidah

A Summary of Hamawiyyah
  Creed of Hamawiyyah - Chapter 21 : Concerning the Fact that Everyone Who Engages in Ta'teel or Tashbeeh Has in Fact Engaged in Both Ta'teel and Tashbeeh
Author: Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
Source: Aqidat ul-Hamawiyyah
Article ID : AQD070021  [12013]  


21.1 DEFINITIONS

21.1.1 THE MU'ATTIL

- is the one who does Ta'teel - i.e. denies anything from Allaah's Names or Attributes. E.g. the Jahmeeyah, Mu'tazilah, Ash'areeyah etc.

21.1.2 THE MUMATHTHIL

- is the one who does Tamtheel - i.e. affirms attributes for Allaah through likening Him with His creation. E.g. the Raafidee-s [Shee'ah], etc.

21.2 THE TAMTHEEL DONE BY THE MU'ATTIL.

The only reason why the Mu'attil does Ta'teel is because he believes that affirming the Attributes necessarily involves doing Tashbeeh, and so he denies the Attributes in order to flee from that. So he does Tamtheel first and then Ta'teel.

21.3 THE TA'TEEL DONE BY THE MUMATHTHIL.

He does this in three ways:

21.3.1 HE HAS DENIED THE TEXTS THAT AFFIRM THE ATTRIBUTES BY TAKING THEM AWAY FROM WHAT THEY MUST INDICATE

Which is that Allaah has Attributes that befit Him and which do not resemble those of the creation.

21.3.2 BY LIKENING ALLAAH TO THE CREATION, HE HAS DENIED EVERY TEXT THAT PROVES HE IS NOT LIKE THE CREATION, e.g. (42):11; (112):4.

21.3.3 BY LIKENING ALLAAH TO THE CREATION, HE HAS DENIED THE PERFECTION WHICH IS OBLIGATORY FOR HIM

By likening the Lord who is Perfect in every way, with the defective creation.


 


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