21.1.1 THE MU'ATTIL
- is the one who does Ta'teel - i.e. denies anything from Allaah's Names or Attributes. E.g. the Jahmeeyah, Mu'tazilah, Ash'areeyah etc.
21.1.2 THE MUMATHTHIL
- is the one who does Tamtheel - i.e. affirms attributes for Allaah through likening Him with His creation. E.g. the Raafidee-s [Shee'ah], etc.
21.2 THE TAMTHEEL DONE BY THE
The only reason why the Mu'attil does Ta'teel is because
he believes that affirming the Attributes necessarily involves doing Tashbeeh,
and so he denies the Attributes in order to flee from that.
So he does Tamtheel first and then Ta'teel.
21.3 THE TA'TEEL DONE BY THE
He does this in three ways:
21.3.1 HE HAS DENIED THE TEXTS THAT AFFIRM THE
ATTRIBUTES BY TAKING THEM AWAY FROM WHAT THEY MUST INDICATE
Which is that Allaah has Attributes that befit Him and which do not resemble those of the creation.
21.3.2 BY LIKENING ALLAAH TO THE CREATION, HE HAS
DENIED EVERY TEXT THAT PROVES HE IS NOT LIKE THE CREATION, e.g. (42):11;
21.3.3 BY LIKENING ALLAAH TO THE CREATION, HE HAS
DENIED THE PERFECTION WHICH IS OBLIGATORY FOR HIM
By likening the Lord who is Perfect in every way, with the defective creation.