Back to main page   Edit your accountThe Noble QuranSalafi Publications ForumView your friends listYour favourite articlesResearchSitemap  

 
Advanced


Aqidah

A Summary of Hamawiyyah
  Creed of Hamawiyyah - Chapter 11 : Concerning Allaah Being with His Creation (Al-Ma'eeyah)
Author: Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
Source: Aqidat ul-Hamawiyyah
Article ID : AQD070011  [11304]  


11.1 ALLAAH HAS AFFIRMED THIS FOR HIMSELF

- Qur'aan: (57):4; (8):19; (20):46.
- Hadeeth: "Do not grieve - Allaah is with us" [Bukhaaree and Muslim (Eng. Vol. 4 H7150)]
- And there is ijmaa of the Salaf concerning this.

11.2 THE MEANING OF MA'EEYAH

11.2.1 IN THE LANGUAGE

 - indicates an unrestricted association and companionship.

But what its meanings imply will differ according to the word appended or connected to it, or according to the context or situation.

For instance, it can mean:

11.2.1.1 To mean to actually mix or mingle.

e.g. I mixed the water with the milk.

11.2.1.2 To imply help and support.

e.g. The one who is helping may say: I am with you

11.2.1.3 To imply a threat and warning

e.g. The punisher may say to the criminal: Go - but I am with you.

Hence it's meaning are in agreement and so it's a Mutawaatee word; although its implications and rulings differ according to whatever it is appended to.

11.2.2 AL MA'EEYAH WHICH IS ASCRIBED TO ALLAAH

11.2.2.1 - It's used in it's real sense and not figuratively, except the Ma'eeyah of Allaah with His creation is not like the Ma'eeyah of the creation with the creation.

- His Ma'eeyah is a higher more perfect form.
- And that which is deduced from the Ma'eeyah of the creation with the creation can not be applied to the Ma'eeyah of Allaah with His creation.

11.2.2.2 - On the other hand, some of the Salaf explained it to mean His Knowledge of His creation.

- This refutes the Huloolee Jahmee- s who say that Allaah Himself is in every place.
- Hence these Salaf explained that this Ma'eeyah affirmed for Allaah, does not mean that He Himself is with us.
- As that would be absurd, contradicting the mind & Sharee'ah; it would contradict His 'Uloow which is obligatory for Him; and it implies that the creation surrounds Him.

11.3 THE MA'EEYAH OF ALLAAH IS OF TWO CATEGORIES

11.3.1 THE GENERAL SENSE

He encompasses all His creation - in terms of His knowledge, Omnipotence etc. and other aspects of Him being the only Lord and Sustainer (Ruboobeeyah).
This category, obligates its believer to have complete fear and awareness of Allaah.

- Examples (57):4; (58):7.

11.3.2 THE SPECIFIC SENSE.

He assists and supports all who are entitled to be supported, from the Messengers and their followers.
This category obligates its believer to have complete courage and persistence.

- Examples (16):128; (9):40.

11.4 IS AL MA'EEYAH AN ATTRIBUTE THAT RELATES TO ALLAAH'S SELF OR TO HIS ACTIONS?

11.4.1 WHEN USED IN THE GENERAL SENSE

It's an Attribute that relates to His Self, as it has always existed and will always exist.

11.4.2 WHEN USED IN THE SPECIFIC SENSE

It's an Attribute relating to His Actions, as it occurs when the causes for it exist, and ceases when it's causes are absent.

[e.g. it occurs when the believers need the help and not when no help is needed.
e.g. it occurs for the believers and not the disbelievers].


 


Knowledge Base
Tazkiyah Bidah Dawah Fiqh Hadeeth Literature Ibadah Manhaj Salafiyyah Seerah Tawhid Tafsir Tarbiyah Aqidah
Tasfiyah
Deviated Sects
Callers & Individuals
Weak Narrations
Groups & Parties
Life & Society
Current Affairs
Health & Fitness
Living in Society
Marriage & Family
Education
Islam For Children
The Salafi College
Other
Women in Islaam
Multimedia
Miconceptions
Missionaries et al.
For Non-Muslims
Resources

Join Our List
  Make a donation  Advertise This Site    Contact Us   
All Rights Reserved, Salafi Publications, 1995-2018 (Copyright Notice)

38