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Aqidah

A Summary of Hamawiyyah
  Creed of Hamawiyyah - Chapter 2 : What the Message Comprised of In Terms of Explanation of the Principles and Details of the Religion
Author: Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
Source: Aqida ul-Hamawiyyah
Article ID : AQD070002  [12226]  


The message of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) comprised of [see (61):9]

- Beneficial Knowledge = Guidance [al-Hudaa]
- Righteous Actions = Religion of Truth [Deen-ul-Haqq]

2.1 BENEFICIAL KNOWLEDGE [AL 'ILM-UN-NAFI']

- That which results in good for the Ummah in this world and next.

- The most beneficial is that of Allaah, His Names, Attributes, Actions.
a). It is the essence of Tawheed-ul-Ulooheeyah.
b). It is the essence of the Prophetic call.
c). By it, is the Religion supported.

- It's impossible that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) left it unclearly explained because:

2.1.1 THE MESSAGE OF THE PROPHET (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) CONTAINED LIGHT AND GUIDANCE.

- And Allaah dispatched him as a bringer of glad tidings, a warner and a bright lamp.
- And greatest most lasting light is that which enlightens the heart as a result of recognising Allaah, His Names and Attributes.
- Hence he must have explained it clearly.

2.1.2 THE PROPHET (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) TAUGHT THE UMMAH ALL IT NEEDED TO KNOW.

- He even gave some knowledge of the birds [cf. narration of Aboo Dharr].
- Then surely he taught the knowledge of Allaah, His Names and Attributes.

2.1.3 EEMAAN IN THIS KNOWLEDGE IS:

- The basis of the Religion.
- The essence of what the Messenger called to.
- The most obligatory of knowledge.
- The most excellent of things that the minds should grasp.

- So how could he not teach it when he taught lesser matters?

2.1.4 THE PROPHET (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) WAS:

- The most knowledgeable about his Lord.
- The most sincere to the creation.
- The most eloquent in speech.

- Hence he could not have left this matter of Eemaan in Allaah, His Names and Attributes unclear and doubtful, while this knowledge needed clarification.

2.1.5 AND THE COMPANIONS MUST HAVE CLEARLY CONVEYED THIS KNOWLEDGE.

Or else they were silent or spoke falsely - both are impossible.

2.1.5.1 It's Impossible That They Were Silent

- If so , it meant that they were ignorant of what is obligatory to know with respect to Allaah, His Names and Attributes, or else they concealed this knowledge purposely.

2.1.5.1.1 It's Impossible That They Were Ignorant
 
- for all hearts with life, consciousness, a desire for knowledge and to worship, would have its most important issue as studying Eemaan in Allaah, His Names and Attributes, and to realise this in terms of knowledge and belief.
- And the Companions - the best of people - had most life in their hearts, and greatest love for goodness, and the most desire to realise beneficial knowledge.
- He (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: "The best of the people is my generation, then those who followed them, then those who followed them."
- And this goodness encompasses their excellence in everything done to bring one closer to Allaah, via words, actions and beliefs.
- And if they were ignorant, then those after them would be more so, as the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) used them to convey the religion.
- Hence the saying they were ignorant implies that no one now has this knowledge, and this is clearly impossible.
2.1.5.1.2 It's Impossible That They Concealed the Truth
 
- for every rational person knows the Companions to have been eager to convey beneficial knowledge to the Ummah.  
- Hence it's impossible - especially concerning the most obligatory of things to know.

2.1.5.2 It's Impossible That They Spoke Falsely - i.e. with No Authentic Evidence

- They were the least likely to speak without knowledge of an authentic proof.

- They were the first to obey Allaah's commands: (17):36 and (7):33.

- And the source of false speech is either ignorance or a desire to misguide - both are impossible.

2.1.5.2.1 As for Ignorance
 
- then that is impossible - see 2.1.5.1.1
2.1.5.2.2 As for Misguiding the Creation
 
- then this is an evil desire which could not come from the Companions for the Ummah.
- And if true it implies all what they said about the Religion is false and so the whole Sharee'ah is in doubt - And this saying is futile.

2.1.5.3 Hence Once It's Clear That They did Speak the Truth Concerning This

- They did so either via their Minds or via the Revelation

2.1.5.3.1 As for the Mind
 
- then it can't reach the details of what is obligatory to know of Allaah, His Names and Attributes.
2.1.5.3.2 And that leaves the only source of their knowledge as the Revelation Brought by Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam)

2.2 RIGHTEOUS ACTIONS [AL 'AMAL-US-SAALIH]

- Those done:
- Solely for Allaah's sake [al-Ikhlaas]
- In accordance with the Sunnah of His Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) [al-Mutaaba'ah]


 


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