Authentic Prophetic traditions, as well as traditions of the Prophet's companions, with whom Allah is pleased, and works of the Four Imama and of the rest of the pious predecessors contain many textual as well as inferential proofs of Allah's Loftiness. Allah, the Exalted, praises His Messenger (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) and confirms his veracity and truthfulness by saying: "Nor does he speak of his own desire. It is only revelation revealed (to him.)"
And Allah says: "And whatsoever the Messenger commands you, adhere to it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain from it."
And the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said: "I have been given the Qur'an and similar to it therewith."
The purified Sunnah is what the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) meant by saying: "and similar to it therewith". The Sunnah is the second source of the Shari'ah of Islamic laws. Many traditions deal with the attribute of Allah's Loftiness. The following are selected authentic traditions to whose authenticity all scholars of the hadith at all times have testified.
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) reported his eventful journey from Makkah to Jerusalem (al-Mi'raj) and from there up to the heavens as follows:
Jibreel took me up to the lowest heaven and requested its guards to open its gate. He was asked, 'Who is this?' He answered, 'Jibreel.' 'Who is with you?' They inquired. 'Muhammed (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) ' He answered. They inquired. 'Has he been invited?' 'Yes'. Jibreel replied. Then someone greeted saying, 'He is most welcome'. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) continued, when the gate was opened, I entered and met Adam there. Jibreel said to me, 'This is your father, greet him'. Adam greeted me back, saying: 'Welcome, pious son and pious Prophet'. Then Jibreel ascended to the second heaven and requested its guards to open its gate.
The questioning that took place in the lowest heaven was repeated before the gate was opened. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) described what he saw in every heaven, until finally he was taken up to the seventh heaven where obligatory prayers were prescribed to him. This authentic mutawatir hadith speaks clearly in plain words and straightforward manner which is not liable to misconstruction or farfetched interpretations. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) was taken up to his Rubb from one heaven above the other. The Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah believe that the Mi'raj was neither an illusion nor a vision, rather real and essential. Had Allah been everywhere, why would the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) be taken all the way up to the seventh heaven? Allah would have prescribed to him the Salaah on earth rather than in the seventh heaven.
Abdullah bin Amr reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said: "Be merciful to those on earth, so that the One above the heavens will be merciful to you."
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said: "The angels of death usually attend the dying person. If he is pious, they would address his soul saying, 'O good soul! Come out of the good body, and rejoice in the annunciation of mercy and provision from the Rubb Who is well pleased with you'. The angels would keep coaxing it with these words until the soul emerges from the body. Then it would be taken up to the heaven where permission to open the gates of the heaven would be sought. The guards would inquire, 'Who is this?' 'So and so', the angels would answer. The guards would say: 'O good soul! You are welcome'. The soul would be flattered by such words and finally be taken up to heaven above which is Allah."
It is quite evident that Allah, the Exalted, is above the seven heavens. Otherwise, why would the souls and the believers deeds be taken up to the heavens to reach Allah?
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said: "The angel of death used to appear to people whose souls he would collect. When he came to the Prophet of Allah, Musa (AS) to collect his soul, Musa punched out his eye. The angel of death ascended to his Rubb, the Glorious, and said to Him, My Rubb! You have sent me down to Musa who punched out my eye. Had he not been honored by You, I would have given him hard time..."
The angel of death descended to Musa from the heaven to collect his soul. He did not come to him from east, west, north, or south, nor did he emerge from the earth, and then he ascended to His Rubb Who is above the heavens.
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said:
hundred levels in Jannah which Allah has prepared for the Mujahideen who fight in His cause. Between on level and another is a distance which is equal to that between the earth and the heaven. When you ask Allah, azza wajull, ask Him for Firdaws, because it is situated in the midst and Highest point of Jannah from where the rivers of Jannah spring, and above it is the 'Arsh of the Most Merciful."