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Asmaa was-Sifaat
  The Names and Attributes of Allaah
Author: Shaikh `Abdul-`Aziz Bin Baz
Article ID : AQD030001  [64587]  
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The Shaykh-hafidhahullaah-said: (1)

From Eemaan (faith) in Allaah is to have eemaan in those of His Asmaa'ul-Husnaa (Beautiful names) and Sifaatul-Ulyaa (Lofty Attributes) that occur in His Great Book and that have been affirmed by His trustworthy Messenger (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) -without tahreef (distorting the wording or the meaning), tateel (divesting or denying the Attributes), takyeef(asking how) or tamtheel (resembling Allaah to any of His creation). Rather,it is obligatory to leave them as they came, without takyeef (asking how) or tamtheel (resembling Allaah to any of His creation). Along with this, it is also obligatory to have eemaan in the meaning that Allaah-the Mighty and Majestic-has been described with, in a way which befits Him: without resembling Him to His creation in any of His attributes.

Allaah-the Most High -says:

"There is nothing like unto Him,and He is the All-Hearing,the All-seeing" (2)

Allaah -the Mighty and Majestic -also says:

"And do not put forward any similitudes for Allaah.Indeed,Allaah knows and you do not know" (3)

So this is the 'aqeedah (belief) of Ahlu-Sunah wal-Jammaaah from the Companions of the Messenger (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) and those who followed them in goodness. This is what has been recordeed also by Imaam Abul-Hasan al-Asharee (d.324H)(rah) in his book:"Al-Maqaalat 'an Ashaabul-Hadeeth wa Ahlus-Sunnah". This has also been stated by many others from the people of knowledge and eemaan.

Imaam al-Awzaee (4) (rah) said:

'I asked az-Zuhree and Makhool about the aayaat pertaining to the sifaat (Attributes of Allaah), so they said:Leave them as they are" (5)

Al-Waleed ibn Muslim (rah) said:

"I asked Maalik,al-Awzaee,Layth ibn Sad and Sufyaan ath-Thawree -(rah) about the reports related about the Attributes, so they all said: "Leave them as they are, without asking how" (6)

Al-Awzaeee (rah) said:

"We - whilst the Tabioon were many - would say: Indeed Allaah -the Most perfect-is above His throne,and we have eemaan in what is related to the Sunnah about the Attributes" (7)

Rabee'ah ibn Abee 'Abdur-Rahmaan (8) (rah) said:

"Al-Istiwaa (Allaah ascending) is not unknown , and how is not comprehendable, and from Allaah is the Message, upon the Messenger is to clearly convey it, and upon us is to affirm it" (9)

Imaam Maalik(rah)-said:

"Al-Istiwaa is known,and how is unknwon,to have eemaan in it is obligatory and to question it is an innovation ". Then he said to the questioner: "I do not think except that you are an evil man". So he ordered him to be expelled (11)

This has also been related about Ummul-Mumineen Umm Salamah (raa) (12)

'Abdulaah ibn al-Mubaarak (13) (rah) said:

"We know that our Lord-the Most Perfect - is above the heavens, above his Arsh (throne), seperate from His creation"(14)

The words of the Scholars about this matter are very numerous indeed,and it is not possible to relate them all in such a short space. However, whosover further desires to be acquanted with this topic, then let him turn to the books by the Scholars of Sunnah about this subject,such as the book: Kitaabus-Sunnah by 'Abdullaah the son of Imaam Ahmad (d.290H), Kitaabut-Tawheed by the great Imaam, Muhammad ibn Khuzaymah(d.311H), Kitaabus-Sunnah by Abdul-Qaasim al-Laalikaaee at-Tabaree(d.418H),a nd Kitaabus-Sunnah by Abu Bakr Ibn Abee -'Aasim (d.287H)

Refer also the reply given by Shakykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) to the people of Hamah (entitled al-'Aqeedatul-Hamawiyyah), as it is a great reply, full of benefit. In it he(rah)- has made clear the aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah, and has recorded many of the sayings of the scholars, as well as giving proofs from both the Sharee'ah and sound reasoning about the correctness of what Ahlus-Sunnah say,s howing also the futility of those who oppose them.

Likewise,his book entitled al-'Aqeedatut-Tadmurriyah in which he established and explained the aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah with both textual proofs and proofs from sound reasoning. In this treatise he has-for all those of understanding ,intending righteousness and desiring to realise the truth - thoroughly refuted all opposition, by clarifying the truth and refuting the falsehood.

All those who oppose Ahlus-Sunnah in their aqeedah concerning Allahs names and attributes, have indeed fallen into opposing the textual evidences and sound reasoning along with clearly contradicting all that Allah has affirmed or negated for Himself.


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