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The Methodology of the Salaf in Aqidah
  The Names and Attributes of Allaah
Author: Shaikh `Abdul-`Aziz Bin Baz
Article ID : AQD030001  [82074]  
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As regards to tamtheel , then it means: tashbeeh (making resemblance). So it is not said: Allaah has a Dhaat (Essence) like ours,or resembling ours,etc. Thus, it is not said about the Attributes of Allaah that they are like --or resembling -- our Attributes. Rather,the Believer must stick to His - the Most High's --saying: "There is nothing like Him". And the meaning is that there is none who resembles Him.

Note: Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) mentioned:If it is said to you: We interpret the meaning of Anger to be 'desiring' to punish ' and Mercy to be desiring to send blessings'then say: Does this desiring resemble that of the creation, or is ita desiring befitting His majesty and Greatness? So if he says the first --then he has done tashbeeh ! And if he says the second,then say: Then why do you not say, 'Mercy and Anger befitting His Majesty and Greatness? And this put will put and end to his argument".


1.Al-Aqeedatus-Saheehah wa Ma Yudaadahaa(pp.9-13)

2.Soorah ash-Shooraa 42:11

3Soorah an-Nahl 16:74

4.He is Abdur-Rahmaan ibn 'Amr al-Awzaee-the scholar, worshipper and mujaahid.Al-Haakim said: "Al-Awzaee was the Imaam of the people of his time ingeneral ,and he was the Imaam of the people of Shaam in particular." He died in Bayroot,in the year 157H.Refer to at-Tadhkirah(1/178 and al-Hilyah(6/135) for his biography.

5.Related by al-Harawee in Dhammul-Kalaam (p.18)

6.Related by al-Aajuree in ash-Shareeah(p.314),al-Bayhaqee in al-Asmaa was-Sifaat(p.453) and also al-Itiqaad(p.118) and the isnaad is Hasan.

7.Related by al-Bayhaqee in al-Asmaa was-Sifaat(p.408).The isnaad is jayyid,as al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar said in Fathul-Baree(13/406)

8.He is Rabee'ah ibn Abee'Abdur Rahmaan -better known as Rabee'atur-Raaee-one of the Tabioon of al-Madeenah. Al-Khateeb said:'He was a faqeeh,a scholar and Haafidh in Fiqh and Hadeeth. "He died in the year 136H.Refer to Taareekh Baghdaad(8/420)and HilyatulAwliyaa(3/259) for his biography.

9.Related by al-Bayhaqee in al-Asmaa was-Sifaat(no.516) and al-Laalikaaee in Sharh Usool Itiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah(no.665).Ibn Taymiyyah said in Majmoo'al-Fatawaa(5/365):"It is established from Rabee'ah". He also said in al-Hamawiyyah(p.80): "Al-Khallal narrated it with an isnaad all of whom are thiqaat(precise and reliable)"

10.He is Abu Abdullah Maalik ibn Anas--The Imaam from the Athaaut-Tabioon of al-Madeenah and one of the scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah.Imaam ash-Shafiee said:"When the scholars are mentioned ,then Maailik is a dazzling star".He died i 179H.Refer to Siyaar Alaamun-Nubaala(7/366) of adh-Dhabhabee for a complete biography.

11.Related by al-Bayhaqee in al-Ismaa was-Sifaat(p.516) with the wording: "Al-Istiwaa is not unknown and how is unknown, to have eemaan in it is obligatory and to question it is an innovation".

Al-Bayhaqee also relates(p.516),as does ad-Daarimee in ar-Radd'alal-Jahmiyyah(p.55)-with a jayyid isnaad,as Ibn Hajr says in Fathul-Baaree(13/406)--that Imaam Maalik said: "The Most Merciful ascended as He Himself described,and it is not to be asked:How? Since how is unknown".

12.Related by al-Laalikaaee in Sharh Usool Itiqaad (no.663). Ibn Taymiyyah said in al-Fataawaa(5/365):"Its isnaad cannot be relied upon"Adh-Dhahabee said in al-'Uluww(p.82): "This saying has been preserved from a group,such as Rabi'atur-raee,maailik and Abu Jafarat -Tirmidhee. However,the narration from Umm Salamah is not authentic -since Abu Kinaanah is not reliable and Abu Ameer is not known." So the Shaykh was indeed correct in not definitely ascribing this saying to the Mother of the Believers, Umm Salamah-and all Praise is for Allaah.

13.He is Abu'Abdur-Rahmaan 'Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak al-Marwazee.The Imaam from the Atbaa'ut-Tabioon, the haafidh,the Shaykh of Islaam,example for the people of zuhd and a leader of the mujaahideen.He died in the year 181H.Refer to tareekh Baghdaad(1/152) and at-Tadkhirah(1/274) for his biography.

14.Related by ad-Daarimee in ar-Radd alaal-Jahmiyyah(np.23),Abdullaah ibn Ahmad in as-Sunnah(no.22) and al-Bukharee in Khalq Afaalul-Ibaad(no.8).It was declared Saheeh by Ibn Taymiyyah in al-Hamawiyyah(no.41).

15 Soorah al-Anbiyaa 21:18

16.Soorah al-Furqaan 25:33

17.Soorah al-Araaf 7:54

18.Soorah ash-Shhoraa 42:11.

19.Related by Imaam adh-Dhahabee with his isnaad in al-'Uluww(no.217),and the isnaad is Saheeh and the narrators are well known as al-Albaanee said in Mukhtasir al-Uluww(p.184)

20.Tafseer Quraanul-Adheen(2/230) of Ibn Katheer.

21.Added from the footnotes to at-Tanbeehaatul-Lateefah 'alaa mahtawat 'alayhil-'Aqeedatil-Waasitiyah (pp.15-16)

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