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Targheeb and Tarheeb
  The Wasiyyah of 'Alee lbn Abee Taalib to Kumail ibn Ziyaad an-Nakha'eel
Source: Al-Ibanah Magazine (Trans. by Dawud Burbank)
Article ID : TZK050008  [15148]  
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4. lbn Abil 'Izz al-Hanafee said In al-lttibaa' [p.86].. 'So in this narration the Chief of Believers - radhiallahu' anhu - divided the blame worthy carriers of Knowledge Into three classes: (i) The wicked innovator who is not trustworthy and does not have Eemaan - who rejects the truth which the Book came with, and despises the creation and argues about the signs of Aliaah without any authority - there is In his heart only pride. (il) The blind - follower who follows without clear guidance or certainty. (ill) The follower of desires of the body and wealth."

5. Added from Jaami Bayain il-'Ilm [2/113]

6 It Is not hidden from the Rabbaaniyyoon that the Shaitaans of men and jinn attack the human soul with two weapons:

(1) Doubts - in order to wreck a person's thinking so that he goes astray,

(2) Desires - in order to wreck his conduct so that he is seduced - see aayah 27 of Sooratun-Nisaa' -

And the Believer who strives to make up for his shortcomings fights these enemies with two sharp and strong weapons:

(1) al-Yaqeen (certainty) - which crushes the doubts and confusion.

(2) as-Sabr (patient perseverance) - which crushes the whims and desires. So he who chooses this way is an imaam for the pious - and Is leadership in the Deen attained except through certainty and patient perseverance?! Our true Guardian says: - And We appointed from among them, Leaders, giving guidance under Our command, so long as they persevered with patience and continued to have faith In our signs.. [as-Sajdah:24]

7. And the proof of that is the saying of Allaah's Messenger sallallahu alaihi wa sallam- "Indeed Allah does not snatch away knowledge from the servants but he takes away knowledge by taking away the scholars - until when there is no scholar remaining the people take Ignorant ones as heads, so they are asked and give verdict without knowledge (and in an narration ' so they give verdict according to their opinion) so they go astray and lead others astray.. [Reported from the hadeeth of 'Abdullaah ibn 'Amr in (al-Bukharee wa Musilm), Aa'ishah (al-Bazzaar & al-Khateeb In Taareekh Baghdaad) and Abu Hurairah (at-Tabaraanee In al-A wsat.)] And its isnaad Is saheeh.

8 Original: Khulafaa about which Saleem al-Hilaalee says: ' This wording is objectionable [i.e. Is not authentically reported In a marfoo' hadeeth.'

9 Reported by Abu Nu'aim in Hulyatul-Awliyaa'[1/79-80] and from him al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee in al-Faqeeh wal mutafaqqih.[1/49-50]

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