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Asmaa was-Sifaat
  Some Sayings from the Salaf concerning the Falsehood of Ta’weel
Source: Foundations of the Sunnah, Salafi Publications 1997
Article ID : AQD030003  [19174]  
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[10]. Ibn Qudaamah (d. 620H) said: "The way of the Salaf is to have eemaan (faith) in the Names and Attributes of Allaah that He has described Himself with in His Revelation, or upon the tongue of His Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) - without increasing nor decreasing in it, nor exceeding the limits, nor explaining them (i.e. like the Mu’tazilah), nor making ta’weel of them in a way that opposes the dhaahir (apparent) meaning."

[11]. Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H) said: "From eemaan (faith) in Allaah is: Eemaan in what He has described Himself with and what His Messenger Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) described Him with without tahreef (distortion) and ta’teel (denial and negation), and without takyeef (asking how) and tamtheel (likening them)…"

References and Notes

1. Reported by al-Laalikaa’ee in Sharh Usool ul-I’tiqaad (3/430) and Ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee in Dhamm ut-Ta’weel (p.18) and the isnaad is Hasan.

2. Reported by al-Aajurree in ash-Sharee’ah (p.314), al-Bayhaqee in al-Asmaa was-Sifaat (p.453) and also al-I’tiqaad (p/118) and the isnaad is Hasan.

3. Reported by Ibn al-Jawzee in Manaaqib Imaam Ahmad (p.155-156).

4. Reported by Imaam adh-Dhahabee in al-Uluww (no.217)

And in this is a clear proof from the Salaf that whatever Allaah has affirmed for Himself and what His Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) has affirmed for Him, then there is no tashbeeh in it whatsoever. And in this, is an exposition and an uncovering of the Ahl ul-Bid’ah amongst the Jahmiyyah, the Mu’tazilah, the Ash’ariyyah, the Maatooreediyyah and others like them who accuse those upon the aqeedah of the Salaf, that they are Mushabbihah and Mujassimah (Anthropomorphists). Rather, it is they who are the Mushabbihah and the Mujassimah due to the disease in their hearts. It is not possible for them to affirm the Attributes of Allaah without their hearts resembling them to the creation and this is why Ta’weel (interpolation of the Attributes) is one of their hallmarks, their claim being: ‘We are declaring Allaah free from defects,’ but in fact they are stripping Allaah of His Attributes, until Allaah is but nothingness. As Muhammad bin al-Hasan ash-Shaybaanee (d. 189H), the companion of Abu Haneefah said: "All the Fuqahaa , from the east to the west are agreed upon: [The obligation of] having faith in the Qur’aan and the ahaadeeth which the reliable and trustworthy narrators have come with from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) - in describing the Lord, the Mighty and the Majestic - without explaining them (tafseer) or likening them to the creation (tashbeeh). So whoever explains anything from them today, then he has departed from that which the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) and his Companions were upon for verily, they did not explain them but they gave verdicts with whatever is in the Book and the Sunnah and then they remained quiet. So whoever speaks with the saying of Jahm [bin Safwaan] then he has separated from the Jamaa’ah since he [Jahm] describes Him [Allah] with nothingness." Reported by al-Laalikaa’ee in Sharh Usool il-I’tiqaad (3/432). And this is also the basis for their accusation against the Ahl us-Sunnah, that they are Dhaahiriyyah (Literalists) since they, due to the aforementioned sickness in their hearts, resort to Ta’weel with respect to the Attributes of Allaah and explain them in a way unknown to the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) and his Companions.

5. Sunan at-Tirmidhee (3/24)

6. Al-Ghuniyah an Kalaam wa Ahlihi - as quoted in Mukhtasir al-Uluww (no.137).

7. Aqeedat Ahl us-Sunnah wa Ashaab ul-Hadeeth wal A’immah (no.3)

8. Ibtaal ut-Ta’weelaat li-Akhbaar is-Sifaat (p.21 - manuscript form)

9. At-Tamheed (7/145) of Ibn Abdul Barr

10. Dhamm ut-Ta’weel of Ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee (p.11)

11. Al-Aqeedat il-Waasitiyyah (p.3)


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