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On Eemaan, Ibaadah and Tawheed : Their Link and Interrelation.
  Lesson 3: Love, Hope and Fear
Author: Abu Iyaad as-Salafi
Article ID : SCL010003  [20244]  
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All praise is due to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds and prayers and peace upon His Messenger, Muhammad.

In this lesson we shall try to develop an understanding of some of the characterstics of worship (ibaadah) - which begins in the heart. Thus, this lesson is really dealing with the ‘actions of the heart’ - you should remember what this is from the first lesson.

Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) gave the definition of worship as follows:

"Worship is everything that Allaah loves and is pleased with from the inward and outward sayings and actions."

In other words this is very similar to the complete and comprehensive definition of eemaan that we dealt with in Lesson 1. This lesson will deal with the ‘inward actions of the heart’ which really form the basis of a Muslim’s servitude to Allaah.

As usual we shall summarise the lesson with a quotation. Today’s quotation should be easy for everyone. It is the first few verses of Surah Faatihah!

So what has this to do with our lecture? Lets take the verses one by one.

1. All Praise is due to Allaah, Lord of all the Worlds.

In this verse we praise Allaah, who is the Rabb. ‘Lord’ is a poor translation for the word ‘rabb’. Rabb means the one who creates everything, sustains everything, owns everything -the one who guides, misguides, gives life, takes life, shapes, fashions, sends down the rain etc… It means that Allaah has complete power over everything. When we understand this, we come to know, that it is Allaah who created us as individuals, gave us life, provided us with shelter in our mother’s wombs and outside of them. Granted us parents who looked after us and provided us with whatever we needed, whether that was food, drink or even emotions. That Allaah bestowed upon us many favours and gave us wealth, clothes etc…That Allaah is continuously bestowing each of us many favours and that His favours cannot even be enumerated. Every single breath that one of us takes, is a favour from him etc… On top of that in times of distress, He gives us ease, in times of poverty He gives us wealth, in times of sickness He grants us health, in times of hunger, He gives us to eat etc… So all of this, when a Muslim reflects over this and thinks about it carefully, should bring about a state of the heart, which we describe as ‘Love’. Our hearts develop ‘love’ for Allaah due to all these things, that He is our Creator, Fashioner, Provider, Sustainer, Protector, Guider, Healer etc…

From another point of view, we see that in this verse we begin with declaring that all praise is rightfully due to Allaah. The scholars of the Salaf (Ibn al-Qayyim, Ibn Taymiyyah, Ibn Uthaimeen and others etc.) explain that Allaah is praised on account of his Most Beatiful Names and His Attributes. In other words when we know that Allaah is ar-Razzaaq (the Provider), ash-Shaafi’ (the Healer) al-Khaaliq (the Creator), al-Haadee (the Guider) etc. then our hearts develop ‘love’ for Him. Likewise when we know Allaah’s Attributes we come to know more about Him and therefore our hearts develop a greater love of Him. So the fact that the verse contains praise of Allaah, this should in turn remind us that He is praised on account of His Names and Attributes, because they indicate his perfection and freedom from any defects. And this in turn causes love in the hearts to develop.

From yet another point of view, the Name of Allaah, which is ‘Allaah’ has been mentioned in the verse. And this in itself gives indicates all the other names of Allaah. So we say, ar-Rahmaan is a name of Allaah, and ar-Razzaaq is a name of Allaah and al-Quddoos is a name of Allaah. So when we say Allaah, it is inclusive of all the other names of Allaah. But this is not the case if we say ar-Rahmaan. This does not include all the other names, likewise as-Salaam or al-Muhaimin, or ar-Raheem. These are individual names and they in themselves, don’t represent the other names. For example, the name ‘Allaah’ is inclusive of the meanings of all those other names, but the meaning of al-Aleem is not the same as the meaning of as-Samee’ or al-Baseer etc. [Refer to Ibn Uthaimeen in al-Qawaa’id ul-Muthlaa]. Therefore the fact that Allaah is mentioned in this verse, it reminds us of all His Names, those which He revealed and those which He did not. And again, when we think of this, our hearts develop ‘love’ of Him.

Some verses mentioning the love aspect of worship:

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