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‏السلام (The Book on Salutations and Greetings )
CHAPTER: PROHIBITION OF SAYING FIRST AS-SALAM-U-'ALAIKUM TO THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK, AND HOW THEIR SALUTATIONS SHOULD BE RESPONDED  

No. 5380

Anas b. Malik reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: When the People of the Book offer you salutations, you should say: The same to you.

No. 5381

Anas reported that the Companions of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to him: The People. of the Book offer us salutations (by saying as-Salamu- 'Alaikum). How should we reciprocate them? Thereupon he said: Say: Wa 'Alaikum (and upon you too).

No. 5382

Ibn 'Umar reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: When the Jews offer you salutations, tome of them say as-Sam-u-'Alaikum (death be upon you). You should say (in response to it): Let it be upon you.

No. 5383

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn 'Umar through another chain of transmitters with a slight variation of wording.

No. 5384

'A'isha reported that a group of Jews came to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and sought his audience and said: As-Sam-u-'Alaikum. A'isha said in response: As-Sim-u-'Alaikum (death be upon you) and curse also, whereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: 'A'isha, verily Allaah loes kindness in every matter. She said: Did you bear what they said? Thereupon he said: Did you not hear that I said (to them): Wa 'Alaikum.

No. 5385

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Zuhri that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: I said 'Alaikam, and the transmitter did not make mention of the word" and".

No. 5386

'A'isha reported that some Jews came to Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and they said: Abu'l-Qasim (the Kunya of the Prophet), as-Sam-u-'Alaikum, whereupon he (the Prophet) said: Wa 'Alaikum. A'isha reported: In response to these words of theirs, I said: But let there be death upon you and disgrace also, whereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: 'A'isha, do not use harsh words. She said: Did you hear what they said? Thereupon he (the Prophet) said: Did I not respond to them when they said that; I said to them: Wa'Alaikum (let it be upon you).

No. 5387

This hadith has been reported on the authority of A'znash with a slight variation of wording. 'A'isha understood their meaning and cursed them and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: 'A'isha. (do not do that) for Allaah does not like the use of harsh words, and it was at this stage that this verse of Allaah. the Exalt. ed and Glorious. was revealed:" And when they come to thee, they greet thee with a greeting with which Allaah greets thee not" (Iviii. 8) to the end of the verse.

No. 5388

Jabir b. Abdullah reported that some people from amongst the Jews said to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) Abu'l-Qasim. as-Sam-u-'Alaikum, whereupon he said: Wa 'Alaikum, A'isha was enraged and asked him (Allaah's Prophet) whether he had not heard what they had said. He said, I did hear and I retorted to them (and the curse that I invoked upon them would receive response from Allaah), but (the curse that they invoked upon us) would not be responded.

No. 5389

Abu Huraira reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Do not greet the Jews and the Christians before they greet you and when you meet any one of them on the roads force him to go to the narrowest part of it.

No. 5390

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Suhail with the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording. The hadith transmitted on the authority of Waki', the words are 'When you meet the Jews." And in the hadith transmitted on the authority of Shu'ba, the words are: 'When you meet the People of the Book." And in the hadith transmitted on the authority of Jarir the words are:" When you meet them," but none amongst the polytheists has been mentioned explicitly by name.




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