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‏البيوع (The Book of Business Transactions)
CHAPTER: FORBIDDANCE OF AL-MUHAQALA, AND AL MUZABANA, AND AL- MUKHABARA, AND THE SALE OF FRUITS BEFORE THEIR GOOD CONDITION IS CLEAR, AND AL-MU'AWAMA. I. E. THE SALE FOR SOME YEARS  

No. 3707

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allaah be pleased with them) reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had forbidden Muhaqala. and Muzabana, Mukhibara and the sale of fruits until their good condition becomes clear, and (he commanded) that (commodities) should not be sold but for the dinar and dirham except in case of araya.

No. 3708

Jabir b. 'Abdullah (Allaah be pleased with them) reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade the types of sales as described before.

No. 3709

Jabir b. 'Abdullah (Allaah be pleased with them) reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade Mukhabara and Muhaqala, and Muzabana, and the sale of the fruit until it is fit for eating, and its sale but with dirham and dinar. Exception is made in case of 'araya. Ata' said: Jabir explained (these terms) for us. As for Mukhabara it is this that a wasteland is given by a person to another and he makes an investment in it and then gets a share in the produce. According to him (Jabir), Muzabana is the sell of fresh dates on the tree for dry dates with a measure, and Muhaqala in agriculture implies that one should sell the standing crop for grains with a measure.

No. 3710

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allaah be pleased with them) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbidding Muhaqala, and Muzabana, and Mukhabara, and the buying of date-palm until its fruit is ripened (ripening means that its colour becomes red or yellow, or it is fit for being eaten). And Muhaqala implies that crops in the field are bought for grains according to a customary measure. Muzabana implies that date-palm should be sold for dry dates by measuring them with wisqs, and al-Mukhabara is (a share), maybe one-third or one-fourth (in produce) or something like it. Zaid (one of the narrators) said to Ata' b. Abu Rabah (the other narrator): Did You bear Jabir b. Abdullah (Allaah be pleased with them) making a mention of it that he had heard it directly from Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam)? He said: Yes.

No. 3711

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allaah be pleased with them) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbidding Muzabana and Muhaqala, and Mukhabara, and the sale of fruits until they are ripe. I (the narrator) said to Sa'id (the other narrator): What does ripening imply? He said: It meant that they become red or become yellow and are fit for eating.

No. 3712

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allaah be pleased with them) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbidding Muhaqala and Muzabana and Mu'awama and Mukhabara. (One of the narrators) 'said: Sale years ahead is Mu'awama, and making exceptional but he made an exemption of araya.

No. 3713

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Jabir (Allaah be pleased with him) from Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). but he made no mention of transactions years (ahead) implying Mu'awama.

No. 3714

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allaah be pleased with them) reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade leasing of land, and selling ahead for years and selling of fruits before they become ripe.




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